are hard, bony outgrowths or gelatinous cysts
on the proximal interphalangeal joints
(the middle joints of fingers or toes.) They are a sign of osteoarthritis
, and are caused by formation of calcific spurs
of the articular (joint) cartilage
Bouchard's nodes are comparable in presentation to Heberden's nodes, similar osteoarthritic growths on the distal interphalangeal joints, but are significantly less common.
Bouchard's nodes are named after French pathologist Charles-Joseph Bouchard