is a small town located on a peninsula
at the shore
. It has a population
of 2,000 (As of 2007).
The town is located 60 km north of the capital Reykjavík
and is connected to other places in Iceland through the second largest bridge
in Iceland, Borgarfjarðarbrú. Borgarnes is the biggest town in the Borgarbyggð
History of Borgarnes
Borgarnes is first noted in Egils Saga
but in the saga
it is called Digranes. The first Settler
to live there was called Grani, a shipmate of Skallagrímur
, the first landlord and settler of the Borgarfjörður
-area. There is no known history of settlement
in Borgarnes after Grani's days until the 19th century.
Just after Iceland gained freedom from the Danish trading monopoly, there was a great demand for a trading place in the area and the Danish King authorized Borgarnes as a trading place in 1861.
The first building built in Borgarnes was a canning factory. It was built in 1857 but was torn down a few years later. A trading house was built in Borgarnes in 1877, and a few years later settlement in Borgarnes began in earnest.
In 1913, Borgarnes officially became a town called Borgarneshreppur but had its name changed to Borgarnesbær in 1987. Later on, in 1994, Borgarnesbær united with Hraunhreppur, Norðurárdalshreppur, and Stafholtstungnahreppur under the name Borgarbyggð, using the Borgarnes seal and offices. In 1998, Álftaneshreppur, Borgarhreppur and Þverárhlíðarhreppur also became a part of Borgarbyggð.
KB was founded in 1904 as a mutual company
. It was the biggest supplier of work in Borgarnes in the 20th century.
Like among most local mutual companies (and members of SÍS, the Federation of Iceland Cooperatives Societies
) in Iceland, Kaupfélag Borgfirðinga had shops
, petrol stations
, a slaughterhouse
, a milk
processing factory, a bakery
, etc. under its name. KB also had shares in many other factories and companies in the Borgarnes area and elsewhere in Iceland.
At the end of the 20th century, KB's financial powers and status began to decline and it was changed to a holding company
called KB Borgarnesi EHF.
The KB logo and trademark will no longer be used for what is left of KB's operations in the beginning of 2005.
See also: Kaupfélag Borgfirðinga.
Major industries in Borgarnes
Borgarnes is the center of commerce for a large part of western Iceland. The town's economy is mostly based on service to people traveling from Reykjavík
and owners of summer houses in the countryside
around the town, and also various industries.
Shops and trading
- Samkaup, Supermarket.
- Húsasmiðjan, Hardware store.
- Framköllunarþjónustan, Photographic processing.
- Hyrnan, Supermarket, shop, restaurant and a bus stop, owned by KB.
- Bónus, A discount supermarket, owned by Baugur Group.
- Vínbúð, Wine shop, owned by the Icelandic state.
- Tvest , Electronics store selling, amongst other things, computers and TVs.
The second-largest bridge in Iceland, Borgarfjarðarbrú
connects Borgarnes to Route 1
(the Ring Road) and connects it with other parts of the country.
The Borgarnes Harbour
has not been used for transportation for years so all transportation to and from Borgarnes is by land.
Sports Clubs and Youth Associations
- Skallagrímur. The biggest sports club in Borgarnes. Badminton, athletics, basketball, football (soccer), swimming and other activities like acting.
- Kveldúlfur. The sports club of the handicapped in Borgarnes.
- Golfklúbbur Borgarness. The Borgarnes Golf Club.
- Mýgrútur FC. Football club.
See also: Borgarbyggð, List of cities in Iceland, History of Iceland