Football was a way of getting away from the mine shafts - either on a Saturday afternoon and during weekly training, or as a professional option. All five Shankly brothers were members of the Glenbuck Cherrypickers - a team famous at the time for producing 49 footballers from the village, straddling the latter part of the 19th and the early years of the 20th century - although Bill, the youngest brother, never played for their first eleven.
His other brothers were Alec, who played for Ayr United and Clyde, Jimmy (1902-1972), who played for various clubs, including Sheffield United and Southend United, and John (1903-1960), who played for Luton Town and Blackpool. His maternal uncle, Bob Blyth, played for Preston North End and Portsmouth, before becoming Portsmouth's manager.
Shankly made his debut for Scotland in a 1-0 win against England in April 1938. He made four further appearances for his country, plus another seven in wartime internationals, but his distinguished playing career was interrupted by war in 1939.
He played for a number of teams during the war, including Northampton Town, Liverpool, Arsenal, Cardiff City, Bolton Wanderers, Luton Town, Partick Thistle and King's Park and helped Preston to victory in the 1941 Wartime Cup Final at Wembley. When the 1946-1947 season kick-started organised professional football again in England, Shankly resumed playing for Preston, but was 33 and coming to the end of his playing days. World War II had taken away the best years of Shankly's career.
Shankly retired from playing in March 1949 and the same month was appointed the manager of Carlisle United, starting his managerial career where his professional playing career had also started. He was undistinguished at Carlisle, and walked out citing a lack of financial commitment on the part of the directors - a pattern which would repeat itself for the next ten years across a succession of northern English football clubs.
One Carlisle player cited Shankly's influence upon him in distinguishing himself even though he had left the club's playing staff. Ivor Broadis had been player manager (at 23 he is the still youngest player manager in football league history) before joining Sunderland. However Broadis continued to live and train at Carlisle. And from Broadis' comments it is clear that even then the attributes that would lead to Shankly taking deity status were already in the man.
One day Broadis, arriving late for training, Shankly said that he told the player, "What do you think you're doing? Who do you think you are? If you do the training we do you can train with us and we'll play five-a-side and you'll run your guts out as an example to everybody else"
Shankly never said that he made Broadis as a footballer - "but I made him realise what was needed to be a player, and Ivor Broadis was one of the strongest and most dangerous inside forwards that ever played."
Broadis' description of events with Shankly: "Bill always regarded himself as the man who saved me, really - the man who gave me to England (Broadis went to collect 14 England caps among his many distinctions). I would maybe be lapping round and I admit I could have put a lot more into it.
"You sort of take the routine from the club you are with and that was not good enough for Bill. I was doing what I thought Sunderland would be doing, the way they were doing it. And that wasn't Bill's way. You had to come off jiggered. So Bill regarded himself as putting me right and I think there's a lot of truth in that. His strength was not Liverpool. It was the strength he could give to anybody."
However grim life became, there was always a ball.
Are you doing anything this afternoon?" he would say to Ivor Broadis. "Aye, right then, if you're not, come down to the ground." They would upturn two chimney pots on ashes in front of the club buildings and play, one-a-side. If a chimney pot was topped, it was a goal. Shankly did not like to lose at that either.
When Broadis turned writer and arrived in the Liverpool Press box, Shankly marched in, shook him by the hand, wished him well, and departed. If hardness was typical of him, memory and softness were also typical,
"It's human nature," says Broadis "If you have someone like Shankly who'll give the players all they are entitled to, they are prepared to die for him. There are few like that. There are more confidence men in this game... Integrity? I think that is it. My idea of a manager is one who never stops being a player. Shankly puts his gear on and goes out every day and it must have been the worst day of his life when he realised he wasn't going to be able to play for a club any more. It's like death when they have to pack in.
"Players take something from a manager. If you get an indifferent sort of manager you get lackadaisical players. If you get a manager who is a bit of a gangster then the players he signs will tend to be part gangsters and sharks. Shanks is an honest, grafting, football-loving bloke. He's a man's man. I don't think for a minute that he feels the way he talks. It is just Bill: People tend to think he is not emotional, but, he fights hard not to show emotion; If you can't feel emotional about football, you've no business being in it.
Shankly joined Huddersfield in 1956 - where he signed a talented 15 year-old called Denis Law. After Law broke into the first team at 16, Shankly recommended on business grounds improving Law’s terms and tenure, but the board saw no reason to increase the wages of a player they already had under contract. In 1956, the board wanted to accept an offer of £45,000 for Law, from Everton. Shankly went ballistic: “Get out your diary and write this down. One day, Denis Law will be transferred for £100,000.” After four years at Huddersfield, Manchester City signed Law for a transfer fee of £55,000, setting a new British record. Shankly's prediction was eventually met and exceeded in 1962 when Law was signed by Manchester United for £115,000.
Shankly appeared prone to falling foul of the boardroom at each club, as he never felt they gave the same commitment to team affairs as he did. It was Shankly's own commitment and enthusiasm that had initially intrigued Liverpool chairman T.V. Williams when Shankly had been interviewed for the vacant Liverpool job in 1951.
In 1959, Liverpool was a club in the bottom of the old Second Division, with a crumbling stadium, poor training facilities and a large and poor quality playing staff. The only quality was in the backroom staff, with Joe Fagan and Reuben Bennett, added to by the recently retired footballer Bob Paisley, whom Shankly admired.
The training ground at Melwood was in a terrible state, overgrown and with only one mains water tap. Shankly turned this into a strength, by getting the players to arrive instead at Anfield, and then bus them over to Melwood - this created team camaraderie. At Melwood Shankly introduced fitness training including diet assessment, and skills training including using an artificial goal painted on a convenient wall, split into eight sections which he would demand the players hit each time. For playing practice, Shankly introduced five-a-side games that so defined his football thinking - pass and move, keep it simple, a creed taken from the daily matches played by the miners of Glenbuck. After training, the team would all bus back to Anfield together to shower, change and eat a communal meal. This way Shankly ensured all his players had warmed down correctly and he would keep his players free from injury. As a result, in the 1965-1966 season Liverpool finished as champions using just 14 players and two of those only played a handful of games.
The first F.A. Cup win in 1965 was followed by Europe where Liverpool were stopped by Inter Milan, managed by Helenio Herrera, winning the first leg at Anfield only to lose the follow up. The following year it was defeat by Ajax led by then 19-year old Johan Cruyff (7-3 on aggregate; including a 5-1 hammering in Amsterdam). Whilst Shankly, orchestrating events at Anfield was at one with the fans, perfectly in tune with the Kopites, knowing and understanding how they felt about football and the pride a successful team gave them - remaining in touch with his working class roots. His would tell anyone who cared to listen that his lads played to a socialist ethic. If a player was having a poor game Shankly would expect a team mate to cover for him and bail him out like you would do for a neighbour or a colleague down the mine.
Shankly told Kevin Keegan in 1971 as Liverpool were playing West Ham United "Christ son, I've just seen that Bobby Moore. What a wreck. He's got bags under his eyes, he's limping. He's got dandruff and it looks as if he has been to a nightclub again". Moore played a blinder during the match but Keegan still scored. After the game Shankly said to Keegan "Aye he's some player that Bobby Moore isn't he? You'll never play against anyone better than him".
Due to his working class background, Shankly had a strong feeling for how the fans followed the team and wanted them to perform. He felt he was letting the fans down when the team didn't do well.
When he wasn't managing a football club, Shankly was usually at his typewriter, personally replying to the letters which arrived at Melwood. Shankly even called some supporters at home to discuss the previous day's game, while the accounts of him providing tickets for fans are endless.
One of the most iconic images of all was caught on television, when a Liverpool scarf which had been thrown at Shankly during a lap of honour was flung to one side by a policeman, in April 1973, when he and the team were showing off the League Championship trophy to the Kop. Shankly pounced on the scarf and reprimanded the copper, uttering the immortal words "Don't do that. This might be someone's life".
After his retirement he said: "I was only in the game for the love of football - and I wanted to bring back happiness to the people of Liverpool."
The journalist John Keith, who wrote the play "The Bill Shankly Tribute Story", commented that Shankly knew how important the fans were to a successful team, and that even after his retirement, at the 1976 second leg of the UEFA Cup final in Brugge: ''"A fan came over and said he didn't have a ticket - so Shanks went and bought him one."
The club was left in capable hands, with the bootroom staff supplemented by ex-players Ronnie Moran and Roy Evans and they got behind new manager Bob Paisley. Later it was revealed that Shankly wanted Jack Charlton to succeed him at Liverpool, and not Bob Paisley.
Shankly regretted resigning from Liverpool and began watching training sessions at Melwood. The board were unhappy that Shankly was not allowing new manager Bob Paisley to settle into the management role. Phil Thompson even claims that at Melwood Shankly was still called "boss" while Paisley was known as "Bob". Ronnie Moran claimed things "began to get a bit awkward". Liverpool striker Kevin Keegan states that Liverpool "didn't get it wrong very often but they did that time" and believed that Shankly should have been placed on the board of directors. Shankly was awarded the OBE in November 1974. He even went regularly to Melwood, to watch the team train. He continued to live in the terraced house that he and his wife had bought when they moved to Liverpool, and he was a regular sight around the city, happy and willing to talk to anyone about football.
On the morning of 26 September, 1981 Bill Shankly was admitted to Broadgreen Hospital following a heart attack. While in hospital he insisted on being nursed in an ordinary ward not a private one. "That is where he wanted to be," a hospital spokesman told the Liverpool Echo newspaper.. His condition was stable and it appeared that he was going to make a full recovery. There was no suggestion that his life was in danger. The switchboard was jammed with concerned fans and prayers were said for him in the Sunday morning and evening services at both of the Anglican and Catholic Cathedrals. However, late on 28 September Shankly unexpectedly took a turn for the worse and died, aged 68, at 1.20am on 29 September 1981. He was cremated, and his ashes buried at the Anfield Crematorium on 2 October. .
The Labour Party conference stood in a minute's silence when his death was announced, for a man who had always been a socialist. Sir Matt Busby was so upset when he heard the news of Shankly's death that he refused to take any telephone calls from people asking him for a reaction.
Some years before his death, Shankly had paid tribute to Busby, saying that he was "greatest football manager ever".
On the first game at Anfield following his funeral, a banner was unfurled on the Kop which read "Shankly Lives Forever".
His widow, Nessie Shankly, outlived her husband by almost 21 years. She died, aged 82, after suffering a heart attack on 2 August 2002. At the time of her death, she was still living in the house on Bellefield Avenue, West Derby, where she had moved on her husband's appointment as Liverpool manager in 1959.
From the mid-1990s Preston North End commenced a complete rebuilding of their ground to convert it into a modern all seater stadium. When the former Spion Kop end was replaced by a new stand in 1998 it was named the Bill Shankly Kop, and was designed with different coloured seats providing an image of the great man's head and shoulders.
Bill Shankly was made an inaugural inductee of the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002, in recognition of his impact on the English game as a manager.
Hearts FC Version -Said Bertie Mee to Bill Shankly have you heard of the North Bank Highbury, Shanks said NO I Don't Think so but I've heard of the Gorgie Aggro