Berck

Berck

Berck, sometimes referred to as Berck-sur-Mer, is a commune of northern France, in the department of Pas-de-Calais.

Etymology

"Berck" is the most southerly town in the Pas-de_Calais to have a name with Germanic roots. Originally called Bierk, possibly after the birch tree; by the 13th century it was spelt “Berc”.

Geography

Situated just to the north of the estuary of the river Authie, Berck has a huge expanse of sandy beach and impressive grassy-topped dunes facing north onto the English Channel. Berck comprises two parts – to the east, the old fishing town, Berck-Ville and to the west, the seaside area, Berck-sur-Mer.
Berck lies at the centre of the Marquenterre regional park.

History

A former fishing harbour, Berck took on a therapeutic role in the treatment of tuberculosis during the second Empire. The Maritime hospital was inaugurated in 1869 by Empress Eugenie. Other hospitals and benevolent institutes were soon created to cater for the sick and those in need of rest and recuperation. Today, although the hospital sector remains economically important, the city has turned towards tourism. A seaside bathing station, with an immense beach of fine sand on the Opal Coast, Berck is a paradise for lovers of land yachting and surfboarding.

Population

Demographic evolution
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999
12877 13690 14420 14060 14167 14378
Counting started in 1962 : Population without double counting

Places and monuments

  • Église Saint Jean Baptiste – Listed choir and belfry.
  • Église Notre-Dame des Sables – Wall paintings on the choir walls.
  • Hôpital Cazin-Perrochaud - Chapel with wall-paintings by Albert Besnard
  • The Lighthouse - In service from 1961, at 45 metres high, its light can be seen from a distance of .

People associated with the town

See also

Communes of Pas-de-Calais

External links

Berck on the Insee website

Search another word or see Berckon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature