The Municipality of Bacoor (Filipino: Bayan ng Bakoor/Bacoor) is a first class urban municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is part of the first congressional district of Cavite. The town has an area of 52.4 square kilometers, located approximately 16 kilometers away from Manila, on the southeastern shore of Manila Bay, at the northwest portion of the province. To the east lies Las Piñas City and Muntinlupa City in Metro Manila, to the south is Dasmariñas, and to the west are Kawit and Imus. Bacoor is separated from Las Piñas by the Zapote River.
Its location, southwest of Metro Manila makes Bacoor an important gateway to Metro Manila. This is further reinforced by the fact it contains the south end of the Manila-Cavite Expressway. Bacoor is among the key areas and the fastest growing municipalities in Cavite together with Imus and Dasmariñas, mainly because of their location. Two SM malls are located in Bacoor. During weekdays many residents leave the district to go their places of work in the metropolitan areas such as Manila and Makati cities.
According to the 2007 Census Population, Bacoor has a population of 441,197 people. Bacoor registered the highest average family income in Cavite in 1997 and 2000. Bacoor has developed into a site of commerce. Bacoor has branches of 11 different commercial banks all over the municipality.
Bacoor is politically subdivided into 72 barangays.
Trade and commerce and the service sectors are Bacoor's primary income earners. Commercial activity lies mainly along the General Emilio Aguinaldo and Tirona Highways ranging from wholesale to retail establishments, restaurants and eateries, hardware and construction supplies and other service-related industries, especially those located in SM City Bacoor where it serves as the town's main income earner. The mostly residential area of Molino is also home to SM Supercenter Molino at the corner of Molino Boulevard and Daang Hari. The entrance area from Coastal Road to Aguinaldo Highway in Talaba and the area surrounding the Zapote Public Market (now the Bacoor Public Market) are other commercial centers.
Land use developments in Bacoor include a proposed industrial village in Barangay Niog which will include light cottage industries with supporting residential and commercial facilities. A vast track of land in Molino area, on the other hand, is envisioned to host residential, institutional and commercial facilities. Dubbed as the New Bacoor, the land use plan in Molino seeks to utilize the area not only as a dormitory for individuals who work in Manila but also for people who have migrated to Bacoor in search of economic advancement. The proposed urban waterfront development, which will cover a portion of the reclaimed area of Manila Bay, will be the front door of the municipality linking Bacoor to Boulevard 2000. The area will include an integrated mix of residential, business, commercical, tourism and recreational facilities. The proposed expansion of the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to wind up in Bacoor, designed to ease to flow of traffic in major thoroughfares, is another major development.
Crops, the productive area of which has lessened to only 100 hectares while fishponds which likewise decreased to almost half of the original 760 hectares. Salt production, fishing, oyster and mussel culture, which are now being threatened to near extinction because of pollution and overpopulation, are the other sources of income of the residents. These industries are also threatened by the construction of the Manila-Cavite Coastal Road Extension which will directly affect the Bacoor shoreline. Bacoor is currently experiencing a rapid shift from an agriculture based economy to a residential/commercial urban center.
Catholicism is the dominant religion in Bacoor, mainly due to the influx of immigrants from other places, most notably from Metro Manila.
The original inhabitants of Bacoor are mostly members of the Philippine Independent Church or "Aglipayan Church". The Aglipayan church has a long and colorful history in the town, its one of the first Catholic congregation in the Philippines to join the new movement and then Catholic Priest Father Fortunato Clemena became the first Aglipayan Priest and as well as the first Aglipayan Bishop of Cavite through the Aglipayan Schism period. Most of the first members were Katipuneros headed by General Mariano Noriel who is also the first president of the laymen organization. Today the Aglipayans has a magnificent Cathedral in honor of its patrons saint, St. Michael, in the center of town. The Aglipayans which they are most commonly called run the Bacoor Parish School.
Bacoor is also fast becoming an education center in Cavite. Some of the schools located here are:
Some accounts indicate that the town of Bacoor, also named Bakood or Bakoor (named after a species of bamboo), was founded in 1671. When the Spaniard troops arrived in "Bacoor", they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a fence around their house. The Spaniards ask the men what is the city's name, but because of the difficulties in understanding each other, the local inhabitants thought that the Spaniards were asking what they are doing. The men answered "Bakood". It was then pronounced Spanish which is "Bacoor" by the Spaniards soldiers and was soon officially called "Bacoor".
In the aftermath of the Philippine Revolution which coincided with the declaration of the first Philippine independence on June 12th, 1898, Bacoor was designated as the first capital of the Philippine Revolutionary government by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo until it was transferred to Malolos, Bulacan. "Gargano" was then the revolutionary name assigned to Bacoor by Aguinaldo's henchmen.
As a general rule, a bill towards the cityhood of a municipality must emanate from the House of Representatives where the concerned district representative -- in Bacoor's case, Abaya -- should sponsor the said bill. However, the particular bill for Bacoor that Castillo is actively pushing had Party-List Reps. Rene Velarde and Hans Christian Señeres as principal sponsors..
Statistics also indicate that Bacoor is ranked fourth from among the municipalities in the Philippines in terms of liabilities in millions of pesos in 2004, with PhP147 million. It is tied with San Pedro, Laguna as first from among the towns in Region IV with such.
Castillo vowed to push for cityhood of Bacoor at all costs, but the campaign hit a snag as Abaya and the provincial government under Gov. Ayong Maliksi filed a dissenting opinion before the House Local Government committee regarding the cityhood issue, which meant further delay of its enactment since that House session ended in 2006.
It was also discovered that on August 2006, Abaya also filed his version of the cityhood bill with the other two Cavite congressmen -- Reps. Gilbert and Jesus Crispin Remulla -- as secondary sponsors; however, this is entirely different from the one Velarde has filed (and the one Castillo is actively supporting) as it calls for the creation of the City of Bacoor as a component city of the province.