The Azanian People's Organisation, or AZAPO is a South African political organisation. Its inspiration is drawn from the Black Consciousness Movement philosophies developed by Steve Biko, Onkgopotse Tiro and Vuyelwa Mashalaba.
It was founded in 1978 out of three organisations: the Black People's Convention (BPC), the South African Students' Organisation (SASO) and the Black Community Programmes (BCP). These were three of a number of black consciousness organisations that were banned on Wednesday, 19 October 1977 for their role in the armed resistance and the 16 June 1976 Soweto uprisings. In October 1994, AZAPO merged with its sister organisation in exile, the Black Consciousness Movement of Azania (BCMA).
AZAPO campaigned for the isolation of South Africa during its apartheid years by waging a so-called "cultural boycott" in the country; black people increasingly regained their resolve to fight for their rights and formed trade unions and civic organisations that drew the blue print for the conduct of struggles by civil society.
During the 1980s, it was engaged in a bloody internecine feud with the ANC. Since then, AZAPO has carried on as a small political party, winning two seats to the South African Parliament at the 2004 general election, though this was reduced to one seat after a recount. The current leader of the party is Mosibudi Mangena. Their three platforms in 2006 include: