is a Restoration drama
by John Dryden
based loosely on the figures of Aurangzeb
(Aureng-zebe), the then-reigning Mughal
Emperor of India
; his brother, Murad Baksh
(Morat); and their father Shah Jahan
(Emperor). The piece was Dryden's last drama to be written in rhymed verse. It is considered his best heroic work.
The premiere production by the King's Company featured Charles Hart in the title role, Michael Mohun as the Old Emperor, Edward Kynaston as Morat, William Wintershall as Arimant, Anne Marshall as the Empress Nourmahal, and Elizabeth Cox as Indamora.