The Asociación Mutual Social y Deportiva Atlético de Rafaela, usually referred to just as Atlético de Rafaela, is an institution of the city of Rafaela, in Argentina, with a professional football team, currently playing in the Argentine second division. The Rafaela derby is played between Atlético de Rafaela and Club Sportivo Ben Hur.
In 1907 Club Atlético Argentino de Rafaela were founded in the city of Rafaela, Santa Fe Province. In 1915 the name was changed to Club Atlético de Rafaela. The Monumental de Barrio Alberdi concrete stadium was erected in 1951.
The club was turned into a non-profit organization in 1988 renamed to its current denomination of Asociación Mutual Social y Deportiva Atlético de Rafaela ("Social and Sport Association Rafaela Athletic"). Only a year later the club finally reached the second division after defeating Atlético Ledesma de Jujuy by 3-0.
Atlético de Rafaela played 14 years in the second division until before winning the Apertura 2002 and the Clausura 2003 to finally reach first division. After losing the promoción against Huracán de Tres Arroyos, Atlético de Rafaela were relegated back to the second division.
Atlético de Rafaela fans are referred as "Cremosos" or "Celestes" and the "Barra de los Trapos" is the group of people that follows the team everywhere.
The institution has also, since 1919, an important car racing circuit, which is host of many competitions, including Turismo Carretera (since 1941) and TC-2000 (since 1983).