(also known as Assyroid
) is a term coined at about 1900 by an Assyriologist, the race was defined in English by Carleton S. Coon
in The Races of Europe
. The borderland between Europe
and the people were also called Armenoid.
Carleton wrote that the racial type in question is very similar to the Dinaric race
; the only difference is that they have a somewhat darker pigmentation
, most probably due to racial mixture with the Mediterraneans
and the Alpines. He described the Armenoid as a subrace of the Caucasoid race
. The Armenoid people are found throughout the whole Eurasia, however the largest concentrations occur within Asia Minor
. They are known as the "true" Caucasians
. Armenoids are relatively tall, usually have somewhat darker skins, large round eyes usually black; a round, brachycephalic head shape with a straight backing (planocciput), high cheekbones and non-prominent chins. Lips are full usually with often hooked noses. This racial group includes the Armenians
, the Assyrians
, and the people from the Caucasus
. It is also an element in India
and Southern Europe
. Armenoid is the dominant type of the indigenous Semitic groups of Syria and Mesopotamia: the ancient Amorites, the modern Assyrians and Chaldeans, the religious minorities of Lebanon and Syria, and the Lebanese and Syrians of mountainous regions have all been identified as being of the Armenoid type.
The Armenoid is also a member of the Caucasoid race.
It has long been believed by physical anthropologists that the quintessence of Near Eastern brachycephaly is to be found in the Armenians; the racial term Armenoid being named for them. The Armenians have long been established in the territory which is now only partly theirs; they had, before the arrival of the Turks, a powerful kingdom, which covered most of the territory between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Caucasus.