General Sir Archibald Hunter
(1856 - 1936) was a General in the British Army
who distinguished himself during the Boer War
. He was Governor
, in Sudan
, and later of Gibraltar
Hunter was the son of a London businessman. However, his maternal grandfather had been a Major
. Having chosen not to follow his business routes, Hunter began military education in Glasgow, and then at the Royal College, Sandhurst
. In 1875, the nineteen year old Sub Lieutenant
joined the King's Own 4th Lancashire Regiment
. After studying eight years, he achieved the rank of Commander
; after a further seven years, he became a Lieutenant Colonel
; and finally became a Colonel
after a further eight years of training.
The Mahdi Uprising
Between 1884 and 1885, Hunter joined the Gordon Relief Expedition
which sought to rescue Charles George Gordon
Gordon) from his Mahdi
captives. The Expedition was, however, too late; Gordon had been killed two days before their arrival.
During the time in which the Mahdi's were being suppressed, Hunter saw much front line action. He led a brigade under the command of Major-General Grenfell in Sawakin. He was wounded on this mission.
In 1896, he joined the Anglo-Egyptian Nile Expeditionary Force under Lord Kitchener and the Sirdar (commander of the Egyptian Army). Sudan was recaptured, and Hunter was put in charge of the Egyptian division. His service earned him promotion to Major-General later that year, being involved in many campaigns, including Kitchener's Sword-Arm.
The Second Boer War
Between 1899 and 1901, Hunter served as the Divisions Commander in the Second Boer War
. He was promoted again to Lieutenant-General
In 1905, four years after the end of the Boer War, Hunter was made a General
. From 1910 until 1913 he was Governor
General Sir Archibald Hunter died in 1936.
Hunter was the youngest General since the Duke of Wellington
. At age 32, he had commanded a brigade
with thirty two divisions. By his death, he had won the respect and friendship of many important figures, including Lord Kitchener
and Winston Churchill
His archive of over one hundred letters and documents is was recently sold A highlight of the £15,000 collection included twenty six Autograph Letters from Kitchener.
- Kitchener's Sword-Arm: the Life and Campaigns of General Sir Archibald Hunter, Archie Hunter.