The Arawale National Reserve
is a designated conservation area managed by the Garissa County in assistance with the Kenyan Wildlife Service
. It lies in North Eastern Province
of Kenya, 77 km south of the town of Garissa
. The reserve covers an area of 450 km2
. To the west, it is bordered by the Tana River
and, to the east, by the Garissa-Lamu road.
In 1976, the reserve was gazetted as the only in-situ
conservation site for the critically endangered Hirola
population endemic to north-eastern Kenya and south-west Somalia
The reserve is a critical refuge for a range of wildlife species including four globally threatened species: Hirola
, Grevy’s Zebra
, African Wild Dog
. A study commissioned by Terra Nuova
in 2006 also showed signs of presence of the African Elephant
- Njoroge, P. et al. (2007) Densities, biomass and habitat preference of large mammals in Arawale National Reserve, Kenya. National Environmental Management Authority of Kenya.
- Andaje, S. A. (2002) Factors limiting the Abundance and Distribution of Hirola in Tsavo and Tana River Districts. Kenyan Wildlife Service: Biodiversity Conservation Unit.
- Antipa, R. S, Ali, M. H. and Hussein, A. A. (2007) Assessment of the Potential of Eco/Cultural Tourism as Viable Enterprises in Southern Garissa, Ijara and Lamu Districts: A Community Conservation and Enterprise Support Initiative National Environmental Management Authority of Kenya.
- Muchai, M. et al. (2007) The Distribution, Abundance and Habitat Use of the Hunter's Hartebeest (Hirola); Beatragus hunteri; Sclater, 1889 in Ishaqibini Community Wildlife Conservancy and Arawale National Reserve, Kenya National Museums of Kenya.