- Common names: false coral snake, pipe snake.
are a monotypic family
created for the monotypic genus Anilius
that contains the species A. scytale
, found in South America
. This snake
possesses a vestigial pelvic
girdle that is visible as a pair of cloacal
spurs. It is ovoviviparous
. The diet consists mainly of amphibians
and other reptiles
. Currently, 2 subspecies are recognized, including the typical form described here.
This species is found in Amazonian South America
, the Guianas
and Trinidad and Tobago
. It is a moderately sized snake attaining a size of about 70 cm
(27 inches) in length. It is reported to be ovoviviparous
and feed on beetles
), small fossorial snakes
, and frogs
. It has a cylindrical body of uniform diameter and very short tail; brightly banded in red and black (but without yellow bands); reduced eyes lying beneath large head scales.
Modern classifications restrict the family to the South American
Red Pipe Snake or False Coral Snake Anilius scytale
, with the previously included Asian
raised to a separate family Cylindrophiidae
- Boos, Hans E.A. (2001). The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX. ISBN 1-58544-116-3.
- Martins, M., and M. E. Oliveira. 1999. Natural history of snakes in forests of the Manaus region, Central Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetological Natural History 6:78-150. pdf