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Anders_Örbom

Anders Örbom

{{Infobox Person | name = Anders Örbom | image = | image_size = | caption = | birth_name = | birth_date = } | birth_place = Örebro, Sweden | death_date = | death_place = Sweden | death_cause = | resting_place = Rödön, Sweden | resting_place_coordinates = | residence = | nationality = Swedish | other_names = | known_for =Battle of Poltava | education = | employer = | occupation = | title = Captain | salary = | networth = | height = | weight = | term = | predecessor = | successor = | party = | boards = | religion = | spouse = Anna Elisabeth Von Rohr (1701-1744) | partner = | children = | parents =Brask | relatives = Joakim von Rohr, father-in-law | signature = | website = | footnotes = }}

Anders Örbom (May 9, 1675 – May 25, 1740) was a Captain in the Swedish Army who was captured at the Battle of Poltava and taken to Siberia as a prisoner of war.

Biography

Örbom was born in Örebro, Sweden in 1675. Sometimes his name was written as Anders Orbom. His father was a man named Brask, who was a District Court Judge in Örebro. Anders joined the military in 1691 and he took part in the campaign at Humle­bäck on Zealand, a Danish island where Copenhagen is located, in 1700. On July 7, 1701 he left camp and on July 9, 1701 he crossed the Düna River in Riga in Ukraine. There they conquered the Saxony troops and took about 700 prisoners. He fought in the battles of Klissow on July 7, 1702. He participated in the Battle of Fraustadt on February 3, 1706, and was promoted to Lieutenant with Jämtland's rifle regiment. He participated on July 4, 1708 in the battle of Holowzin, a town in White Russia, west of the river Dnjepe. He may have also participated in the Battle of Pułtusk; Reusch-Lemberg; and Lakowitz. In the Battle of Holowczyn, Anders was wounded with a bullet to the face. The bullet remained lodged in his skull the remainder of his life.

Monika Carlsson wrote:

Anders Örbom was born May 9, 1675 in Örebro. He took his name after the city of Örebro. His fathers name was Brask and was a District Court Judge in Örebro. Anders joined the military in 1691 and took part in 1700 when the young King Karl XII took his army in the field. On July 7, 1701 the Swedish army broke camp north of Riga, and on the night of July 9, they took a boat over the Duna, a broad river (600 meters wide). There they were conquered the Saxony troops and took about 700 prisoners. Anders Örbom participated in the battle in the Battle of Kliszów in Poland on July 9, 1702 where the Swedish were victorious over the Saxon army, under the command of August II, together with 8,000 men of the Polish kings army. In 1706, Anders Örbom was named Lieutenant with Jämtland's rifle regiment and participated on July 4, 1708 in the battle of Holowzin, a town in White Russia, west of the river Dnjepe. While around 40,000 Russian men, endured heavy losses, 17,000 Swedes were forced to flee. Anders was wounded by a bullet in the face. He died with the bullet still lodged in his skull in 1740. The road over the Dnjepe had opened for the Swedish army. Karl XI's Russian campaign ended in 1709 with the battle in Poltava, a town in Ukraine. The King was badly injured and could not complete the guidance of the assault so he fled towards Turkey. The Swedish Army surrendered on July 1, 1709 in the village of Perevolotjna near the Dnjepe. 79 regiments and corps, totaling around 14,000 men were handed over for long term care and a very difficult Russian captivity. In 1722, after 13 years, the prisoners were transported home. Anders Örbom and his wife first settled in Brunflo outside Östersund, [then moved to] Rödögården, Rödön in Jämtland. [On his] homecoming, Anders was promoted to cavalry Captain with Jämtland's cavalry company, and in 1727 became squadron chief.

Capture

He was captured on the Dnieper River, in Ukraine on July 1, 1709. Anders was taken to Siberia as a prisoner-of-war along with other officers captured during the Battle of Poltava. All the soldiers were executed, and the officers were imprisoned in Siberia. He married Anna Elisabeth Von Rohr (1701-1744) on September 5, 1719 in Solikamsk, Siberia, Russia. Anna's father was Joakim von Rohr, Lieutenant Colonel and Commander of Dalarö fortress, the military fortress east of Stockholm, on the Baltic. Her mother was Katarina Charlotta Klingenberg. Together Anders and Elisabeth had their first child in Siberia:

  • Anders Örbom II (1720-1783) who was a Captain in the Swedish Army who married Christina Ruuth (1727-1781).

Return from Siberia

Anders returned home to Sweden in 1721 or 1722 after 13 years of imprisonment. He was promoted to cavalry Captain with Jämtland's cavalry company, and in 1727 became squadron chief. He lived in Brunflo and later Rödön. He had the following additional children:

  • Carl Joachim Örbom (1721/22-1810) Captain of the Swedish Army who married Beata Dorothea Von Saltza (1721-1764)
  • Erik Johan Örbom (1723-1802) who was a Major in the Jämtland Regiment who married Helena Ruuth (1729-1802)
  • Anna Catharina Örbom (1725-?)
  • Gustaf Örbom I (1728-1730)
  • Charlotta Örbom (1730-?)
  • Gustaf Örbom II (1732-1807) who was a Captain in the Swedish Army who married Sophia Lovisa Winnberg (1744-1807)
  • Christopher Örbom (1735-1828) who was a Captain in the Swedish Army who married E.M. Sundström (1736-?)
  • Sara Elisabeth Örbom (1736-?)
  • Petrus Örbom (1738-?) who was a Lieutenant in the Swedish Army

Death

Captain Anders Örbom died on May 25, 1740 and he was buried in Rödön, Sweden on June 5, 1740.

Timeline

References

See also

External links

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