Selected for its location next to a spring, it began as a campground, originally known as New Prospect Camp Ground until late 1858. Officially chartered on December 11 of that year, Alpharetta (Greek for "first town") served as the county seat of Milton County until the end of 1931 when Milton was merged with Fulton County to avoid bankruptcy during the Great Depression.
Alpharetta is located 14 miles north of Atlanta’s central business district and 28 expressway-miles from Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, the world's busiest airport.
Georgia 400 (U.S. 19) is the freeway connecting suburban Alpharetta with Atlanta to the south. It parallels surface highway S.R. 9, which was originally multiplexed with U.S. 19 and was the only paved road through town prior to the county merger. The town also had no railroad, a rarity for the area. Despite its poor start, and being one of the farthest-out large suburbs in metro Atlanta, it now features several mid-rise buildings, which are home to many high-tech companies including Hewlett-Packard, UPS Supply Chain Solutions, Radiant Systems, NetBank, Lucent, Nortel, IBM, Sun Microsystems, AT&T, Siemens, Verizon, Verizon Wireless, Alltel, E-Trade, Hansgrohe, General Electric, and ChoicePoint.
Alpharetta is also home to the new Verizon Amphitheater at Encore Park.
There were 13,911 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 40.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $84,207, and the median income for a family was $116,175. Males had a median income of $69,275 versus $49,935 for females. The per capita income for the city was $51,432. About 2.9% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Public elementary schools located in Alpharetta include:
Hembree Springs Elementary School, Mimosa Elementary School, and Sweet Apple Elementary School, all in Roswell, serve portions of Alpharetta.
Public middle schools located in Alpharetta include:
In addition, Crabapple Middle School and Elkins Pointe Middle School, two middle schools in Roswell, serve portions of Alpharetta.
Amana Academy is a public charter school which is part of the Fulton County School system and provides excellent education for students in Kindergarten to 8th grade. Amana Academy employs the Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound (ELOB) instructional model. For more information, please visit Amana Academy at http://www.amanaacademy.org
Public high schools that serve Alpharetta: