Allegany County, Maryland

Allegany County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. It is part of the Cumberland, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 74,930. Its county seat is Cumberland. The name Allegany comes from a local Native American word, oolikhanna, which means "beautiful stream." A number of counties in the Appalachian region of the United States are named Allegany, Allegheny or Alleghany.


The western part of Maryland (including the present Allegany County) was incorporated into Prince George's County in 1696. This county included six current counties, and by repeated splitting, new ones were generated: Frederick from Prince George's in 1748; and Montgomery and Washington from Frederick in 1776.

Allegany County was formed in 1789 by the splitting of Washington County. At the time it was the westernmost county in Maryland, but a later (1872) split produced Garrett County, the current westernmost county.

Law and government

Allegany County was granted a home rule form of government in 1974.



According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 430 square miles (1,113 km²), of which, 425 square miles (1,102 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (11 km²) of it (1.02%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

National protected areas

Significant Topographic Features

Major Highways


As of the census of 2000, there were 74,930 people, 29,322 households, and 18,883 families residing in the county. The population density was 176 people per square mile (68/km²). There were 32,984 housing units at an average density of 78 per square mile (30/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.02% White, 5.35% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.0% were of German, 16.7% United States or American, 12.8% Irish, 10.7% English and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 29,322 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.60% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.60% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.60% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,821, and the median income for a family was $39,886. Males had a median income of $31,316 versus $21,334 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,780. About 9.70% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

In Total: 7

Occupying a middle ground between incorporated and unincorporated areas are Special Tax Districts, quasi-municipal unincorporated areas created by legislation passed by the Maryland General Assembly. They lack home rule authority and must petition the General Assembly for changes affecting the authority of the district. There are eight Special Tax Districts in the county:

  1. Bel Air (1965)
  2. Bowling Green and Robert's Place (1972)
  3. Cresaptown (1949)
  4. Ellerslie (1963)
  5. La Vale Sanitary District (1947)
  6. McCoole (1965)
  7. Mount Savage (1950)
  8. Potomac Park Addition (1947)

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Cresaptown-Bel Air (a combination of the communities of Cresaptown and Bel Air recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  2. La Vale

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Amcelle
  2. Barrelville
  3. Bier
  4. Borden Shaft
  5. Carlos
  6. Clarysville
  7. Corriganville
  8. Danville
  9. Dawson
  10. Detmold
  11. Dickens
  12. Eckhart Mines
  13. Evitts Creek
  14. Flintstone
  15. George's Creek
  16. Gilmore
  17. Klondike
  18. Little Orleans
  19. Midlothian
  20. McKenzie
  21. Moscow
  22. Mount Savage
  23. Narrows Park
  24. Nikep
  25. Oldtown
  26. Pekin
  27. Pinto
  28. Rawlings
  29. Shaft
  30. Spring Gap
  31. Town Creek
  32. Vale Summit
  33. Woodland
  34. Zihlman

Colleges and universities

Notable residents


The following Mountains are in Allegany County:

Mineral Resources

The primary mineral resources extracted for use in Allegany County are coal, iron, sandstone, and limestone. Coal bearing formations are concentrated in the Georges Creek Basin in the western part of the county.


External links

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