Alectis is a genus of fish in the family Carangidae containing three extant species, all of which are large marine fishes. They are commonly known as threadfish, diamond trevallies and occasionally pompanos, although they have no close affiliation with the true pompano genus.
The first fish in the genus to be described was Alectis ciliaris under the genus name of Zeus, part of the dory family. Lacépède recognized the species was not a dory and assigned it to a new genus, Gallus, however this was preoccupied by a bird. In 1815, Rafinesque proposed the name Alectis, into which three species were eventually placed. Georges Cuvier proposed a second name, Scyris for the genus in 1829, but Alectis had priority and has therefore been cemented for the time being. The name Alectis is derived from one of three Erinyes in the Greek mythology; daughter of Acheronte with a terrible rage.
A single species has been identified the fossil record; Alectis simus, from the Eocene period of England. It was found alongside a number of extinct and extant carangid genera including Caranx and Usacaranx (extinct).
Note: Extinct species denoted with a cross †
The genus has a circum-tropical distribution, with adults generally restricted to reefs in coastal areas down to 100 m, while juveniles are often pelagic. All three are predators of small fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. A little is known of their reproductive habits and larval phases, with spawning occurring during daylight between pairs.
Osteology and Systematics of Parastromateus niger (Perciformes: Carangidae), with Comments on the Carangid Dorsal Gill-Arch Skeleton
May 20, 2010; The monotypic Indo-Pacific genus Parastromateus Bleeker, 1864 is morphologically peculiar among carangid fishes in its overall...