Adolph Tidemand (1814-1876) was a Norwegian painter who was born in Mandal in 1814. At this time there were no art schools in Norway, so he moved to Copenhagen, Denmark at the age of 18 to attend the art academy. He studied there for five years and then began a journey to Italy to study further. But when Tidemand came to Düsseldorf, Germany, he liked it so much that he settled down there. Tidemand was preoccupied by Norwegian history, particularly after returning on a journey to Norway in 1843. After that he often traveled to Norway.
Tidemand was an important Norwegian romantic nationalism period painter with many paintings. Tidemand’s paintings of the old Norwegian farm culture show the Norwegian farmers as they were. Today Adolph Tidemand is counted as the first to the Norwegian historic painters and is best known for this depiction of Norwegian farm and street life. The Nasjonalgalleriet (the national gallery) in Oslo alone owns over 100 of his works. His best known painting is “Haugianerne” (the Haugians) painted in 1852, and "Brudeferd i Hardanger" (The bridal procession in Hardanger) painted in 1848 with Hans Gude.
From 1837-1841 he continued his studies with the art academy in Düsseldorf, which at the time enjoyed widespread international recognition. Here he prepared the well known Hjemvendte fiskere ved den sjællandske kyst (1838). The painting Gustav Vasa taler til dalalmuen i Mora kirke (1841), was sold to a German museum, but was later returned to Christiania.
In the autumn of 1841 he studied in Italy along with his brother Emil. From this period few of his works remain, except for the picture Napolitansk fisker (1842).
During 1842-45 he traveled extensively in Norway (Østerdalen, Gudbrandsdalen, Sogn, Hardanger and Telemark). More of his works survive from this period, including: Eventyrfortellersken (1844), Søndagskveld i en hardangersk røkstue (1843), and Gudstjeneste i en norsk landsens kirke (1845).
He married in 1845 with his childhood sweetheart, Claudine Marie Bergitte Jæger (1817-1887). The couple settled in Düsseldorf in 1845. Here he painted the first of several versions of Haugianerne (1848).