Let E be a field extension of a field F. Given a set of elements A in the larger field E we denote by F(A) the smallest subextension which contains the elements of A. We say F(A) is constructed by adjunction of the elements A to F or generated by A.
If A is finite we say F(A) is finitely generated and if A consists of a single element we say F(A) is a simple extension. For finite extensions
F(A) consists of all those elements of F that can be constructed using a finite number of field operations +, -, *, / applied to elements from F and A. For this reason F(A) is sometimes called field of rational expressions in F and A.
Given a field extension E/F and a subset A of E. Let be the family of all finite subsets of A then
Given a field extension E/F and two subset N,M of E then K(M ∪ N) = K(M)(N) = K(N)(M). This shows that any adjunction of a finite set can be reduced to a successive adjunction of single elements.