Edward Miller (1915-2000) was born at Acklington Park, the son of a shepherd. He attended King Edward VI Grammar School in Morpeth and went on to excel at Cambridge, specialising in mediaeval history. Having grown up on a farm, he was drawn to questions of mediaeval agriculture and the peasants whose labour had sustained the clergy.
After a professorship at the University of Sheffield he returned to Cambridge to be master of Fitzwilliam College (1971-81), chairing the Victoria county history committee and the History of Parliament Trust. With John Hatcher, he wrote Medieval England: Rural Society and Economic Change, 1086-1348 (1978), which soon became a standard work for students. A companion volume by the same authors Medieval England: Towns, Commerce and Crafts, 1086-1348 appeared in 1995. Miller was co-editor of the second edition of volume 2 (1987) of the Cambridge Economic History of Europe and editor of the third volume (1991) of the Agrarian History of England and Wales covering the period 1348-1500.