The Thirty-fifth United States Congress
was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States
federal government, consisting of the United States Senate
and the United States House of Representatives
. It met in Washington, D.C.
from March 4 1857
to March 3 1859
, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President James Buchanan
The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.
Dates of sessions
March 4 1857
- March 3 1859
Previous congress: 34th Congress
Next congress: 36th Congress
were newly admitted to the Union and first represented as states in this Congress.
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.
- House of Representatives
- Main article: Events of 1857; Events of 1858; Events of 1859
- Main article: List of United States federal legislation in the 35th Congress
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.
- See also: 35th United States Congress - political parties
- See also: 35th United States Congress - State Delegations
- See also: United States House elections, 1856
Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers
, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1862; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1858; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.
- See also: United States Senators
- See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state
House of Representatives
The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket
or otherwise at-large,
are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.
Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.
- See also: Members of the United States House of Representatives
- ''See also: United States Congressional Delegations by state
Changes in membership
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.