For the first time, a host nation was chosen ahead of the competition — the Netherlands, who are also the defending champions, were exempt from qualifying. The host nation was chosen on December 15, 2005. England, Italy, Portugal, Turkey and Sweden also submitted bids. Of UEFA's 52 member countries, only the Faroe Islands did not compete in the qualification round for the tournament. That left 50 nations attempting to qualify for the 7 remaining spots at the finals.
This was the first time that the competition's final matches took place in an odd-numbered year. UEFA took this decision with the will to give more visibility to the tournament, since during even-numbered years the competition was clouded by the approaching FIFA World Cup or the UEFA European Championship.
The tournament also served as the European qualifying tournament for the 2008 Summer Olympics, with a place for the 4 semi-finalists of the tournament. With the event of England reaching the semi-finals, a fifth-place playoff was necessary.
In this competition, a new UEFA penalty shootout record was established. The semi final between The Netherlands U21 and England U21 finished in 1-1. No less than 32 penalties had to be taken before the tie was decided. The Netherlands U21 won 13-12, and went on to win the tournament by defeating Serbia U21 4-1 in the final.
After the final some commotion arose in The Netherlands because several Dutch internationals with Surinamese roots carried the flag of Suriname with them during the ceremony of the European Champion in the Euroborg. Dutch coach Foppe de Haan expressed the actions of these players as "inappropriate".
In order to make the switch from odd to even-numbered years, the 2007 edition was a shortened version, condensed from a two-year campaign into a one-year campaign. Therefore, a completely new qualification format was devised to eliminate the weaker nations early, and saw a decrease in the size and duration of qualification groups.
|Heerenveen||Abe Lenstra Stadion||28,000|
|Team qualified for the knockout stage.|
|Team went to play-off for Olympics|
|2007 UEFA Euro Under-21 Championship|