The year 1982 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- Booker Prize: Thomas Keneally, Schindler's Ark
- Cholmondeley Award: Basil Bunting, Herbert Lomas, William Scammell
- Eric Gregory Award: Steve Ellis, Jeremy Reed, Alison Brackenbury, Neil Astley, Chris O’Neill, Joseph Bristow, John Gibbens, James Lasdun
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Bruce Chatwin, On The Black Hill
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Richard Ellmann, James Joyce
- Whitbread Best Book Award: Bruce Chatwin, On the Black Hill