The year 1968 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- Dean R. Koontz's first novel, Star Quest is published.
- Glidrose Publications releases the James Bond novel, Colonel Sun by "Robert Markham" (a pseudonym for Kingsley Amis). Initially intended as a relaunch of the Bond book series following the death in 1964 of the character's creator, Ian Fleming, Colonel Sun instead ends up being the final book of the series (discounting a "biography" of Bond and a pair of film script adaptations) until John Gardner revives the literary James Bond in 1981.
- The events of what is now referred to as May 1968, points to events in May-June 1968 in France, two months which saw the largest industrial strikes in French history, the shutdown of France’s educational, commercial and media institutions, and the severest challenge up to that moment of Gaullist political authority. It had long term reach and global context: including "student movements", counter-culture, le gauchisme and its eventual transformation into myth as a way of trying to account for subsequent developments in politics, popular culture, and social change. What is now called May 1968 can also provide the context for and symbolize radical politics and revolt in the 1960s and beyond.
- Tom Wolfe's books The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test and The Pump House Gang are published on the same day in August 1968. Both books go on to become best-sellers and cement Wolfe's status as one of the generation's leading social critics, chroniclers of the counterculture of the 1960s and practitioners of New Journalism.