The year 1964 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- Jean-Paul Sartre becomes head of the Organization to Defend Iranian Political Prisoners(ODIPP).
- Michael Moorcock becomes editor of the science fiction magazine New Worlds.
- W. H. Auden describes his "Vision of Agape" (June 1933) in his preface to the anthology The Protestant Mystics.
- Henry Miller's Tropic of Cancer is allowed to circulate legally in the United States by the U.S. Supreme Court three decades after its original publication in France.