The 1944 Atlantic hurricane season
officially began on June 16, 1944, and lasted until October 31, 1944. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones
form in the Atlantic basin
The 1944 season was a fairly active one. A Category 1 hurricane hit North Carolina. A Category 3 hit Jamaica. Another Category 3 hit Florida late in the season. A Category 1 hurricane and a tropical storm hit Mexico. Another tropical storm hit Grand Isle, Louisiana.
The first storm of the season formed on July 13 and moved northwest, paralleling the Bahamas
, slowly strengthening. It recurved once in the Gulf Stream
off the Georgia
coast and became a hurricane shortly thereafter. The storm passed between the US and Bermuda
and became extratropical
as it entered the north Atlantic.
Tropical Storm Two
A tropical storm moved through the Lesser Antilles
on July 24. It continued through the Caribbean Sea
, and dissipated on the 28th over the Western Caribbean. The storm caused some damage on southern Hispaniola, but no deaths were reported.
On July 30, a tropical storm was located in the eastern Bahamas
. It moved northwestward, becoming a hurricane the next day. The hurricane moved inland over southern North Carolina
on the 2nd, and continued northeastward until dissipation on the 4th. The hurricane caused $2 million in damage (1944 dollars) but no deaths.
A small tropical storm existed east of Barbados
on August 16. It passed through the islands, and steadily intensified to a major hurricane as it passed through the Caribbean. The major hurricane struck eastern Jamaica
on the 20th, causing major damage to crops from flooding. It continued westward across the Caribbean, hitting the eastern Yucatán Peninsula
on the 22nd. Hurricane Four moved across the Bay of Campeche, and hit the Mexican
port of Tuxpan, Veracruz
, on the 24th just before dissipating. The hurricane caused several million dollars in damage, and left 216 people dead.
Tropical Storm Five
A tropical storm hit northeastern Mexico
on August 22, causing little damage after it dissipated on the 22rd.
Tropical Storm Six
A tropical storm hit southeastern Louisiana
on September 10. It dissipated the next day, after causing minor damage in Mobile, Alabama
The most notable hurricane of the season was the Great Atlantic Hurricane (sometimes referred to as the Great American Hurricane
), an intense Cape Verde-type hurricane
that traveled up the Eastern Seaboard
as a Category 2
, sweeping the beaches, sinking ships, and throwing wave watchers into the sea. The entire coastline from Cape Lookout, North Carolina
to Cape Cod
were raked with hurricane-force winds. The hurricane caused several millions of dollars in damage, as well as 390 deaths.
A tropical wave developed into a tropical storm in the western Caribbean Sea on September 19. It became a hurricane later that day, and hit the Yucatán Peninsula
on the 20th. The hurricane turned southward in the Bay of Campeche
, making landfall near Campeche, Campeche
, on the 22nd. The hurricane dissipated later that day, after resulting in extensive damage from flooding as well as 200-300 fatalities.
A tropical disturbance from the Cape Verde region developed into a tropical storm in the south-central Atlantic on September 21. The storm made a broad turn to the north and slowly strengthened. It became a hurricane while well east of Bermuda and continued its journey north. The storm was briefly a Category 2 hurricane with winds of 100 mph (160 km/h)
before weakening in the cooler waters of the north Atlantic. The storm was able, however, to maintain hurricane status until it became extratropical in the far north Atlantic south of Greenland
Tropical Storm Ten
The tenth storm was a weak tropical storm that formed to the immediate northeast of Barbados
in early October. The storm turned north with peak winds of 45 mph (72 km/h)
. It never got any stronger. After moving north for a little ways, the storm turned away from the islands and dissipated causing nothing but rain showers.
A tropical storm formed in the western Caribbean Sea on October 12. It headed northward, becoming a hurricane the next day. It drifted westward, followed by another northward turn where it reached major hurricane strength. It crossed Cuba
at this intensity on the 18th, and continued northeastward where it made landfall on Sarasota, Florida
on the 19th. The hurricane continued northeastward over the southeast United States, and became extratropical on the 21st. The hurricane caused $100 million in damage (1944 dollars), as well as 300 casualties.