) was a common year starting on Monday
(link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar
Events of 1923
- September 1 - Great Kantō earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing an estimated 142,807 people, but according to Japanese construction reserch center report on 2005, 105,000 confirmed dead 1923 quake.
- September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time.
- September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. The League of Nations protests and they leave on September 29.
- September 8 - Honda Point Disaster: Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
- September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.
- September 10 - Ireland joins League of Nations.
- September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship. Trade unions are banned for 10 years.
- September 17 - A major fire in Berkeley, California erupts, consumed some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely-built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.
- September 18 - September 26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York.
- September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav Ritter von Kahr declares independence from Berlin.
- October 13 - Ankara replaces İstanbul as the capital of Turkey.
- October 26 - in Persia, Reza Khan became Ahmad Shah Qajar's prime minister.
- October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
- November 1 - Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
- November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government; police and troops crush the attempt the next day.
- November 12 - Her Highness Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
- November 15 - The hyperinflation in Germany reaches its height. One United States dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000,000 Papiermark (4.2 quadrillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency. See inflation in the Weimar Republic.
- November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses.
- December 12 - In Italy, the Po River dam bursts - 600 dead.
- December 20 - First social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States is founded, BEGGARS Fraternity, by a group of 9 men who secured permission to do so from the Pope.
- December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo.
January - February
- January 1
- January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
- January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
- January 7 - Hugh Kenner,boom Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
- January 8 - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
- January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
- January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
- January 23
- January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
- January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
- January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (d. 2007)
March - April
- March 4 - Sir Patrick Moore, British astronomer and broadcaster
- March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
- March 7 - Mahlon Clark, American musician (d. 2007)
- March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut (d. 2007)
- March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
- March 22 - Marcel Marceau, world renown French Mime (d. 2007)
- March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
- March 26 - Bob Elliott, American comedian
- March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
- March 28 - Thad Jones, American jazz musician (d. 1986)
- March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)
May - June
- May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
- May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland (d. 2008)
- May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
- May 4 - Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer, musician, conductor, poet and author (d. 1986)
- May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
- May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
- May 10 - Heydar Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan from June 1993 to October 2003 (d. 2003)
- May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
- May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
- May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
- May 21
- May 23 - Kalidas Shrestha, Nepalese artist
- May 26 - James Arness, American actor
- May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- May 28
- May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
July - August
- July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
- July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
- July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
- July 20 - Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
- July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 22
- July 23
- July 28 - H.S.S. Lawrence, Indian educationist
- July 29 - Jim Marshall, founder of Marshall Amplification.
September - October
November - December
January - June
- January 9
- January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
- January 31 - Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish artist, political activist and assassin (executed) (b. 1869)
- February 3 - Kuroki Tamemoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1844)
- February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
- February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
- March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
- March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
- March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
- March 28 - Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
- April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
- April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)
- April 23 - Princess Louise of Prussia, Grand Duchess of Baden (b. 1838)
- June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, third daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1846)
- June 24 - Edith Södergran, Finnish author (b. 1892)
July - December
- July 10 - Albert Chevalier, music hall comedian (b. 1861)
- July 23 - Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1878)
- August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
- August 24 - Kato Tomosaburo, 21st Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1861)
- September 9 - Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca, 8th President of Brazil (b. 1855)
- October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
- November 9 (among those killed in Beer Hall Putsch):
- November 14 - Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (b. 1845)
- December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
- December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)
- date unknown - Carl L. Boeckmann, Norwegian-American artist (b. 1867)
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