Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday
of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1919
- May 1
- Large left-wing demonstration in France leads to a violent confrontation with the police
- Riots break out in Cleveland, Ohio; 2 people are killed, 40 injured, and 116 arrested.
- May 3 - Weimar Republic troops and Freikorps occupy Munich and crush the Bavarian Soviet Republic.
- May 4 - The May Fourth Movement opposes foreign colonizers in China.
- May 5 - The League of Red Cross Societies is founded in Paris
- May 9 - In Belgium a new electoral law introduced universal manhood suffrage and gave the franchise to certain classes of women.
- May 15 - Winnipeg workers launch a general strike for better wages and working conditions.
- May 16
- May 17 - A Committee of One Thousand forms to oppose the Winnipeg General Strike.
- May 19 - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official commemoration date of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus.
- May 23 - The University of California opens its second campus in Los Angeles. Initially called Southern Branch of the University of California (SBUC), it is eventually renamed the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
- May 25 - Volcano Kelut erupts in Java, killing 16,000.
- May 29
- May 30 - By agreement with the United Kingdom, later confirmed by the League of Nations, Belgium was given the mandate over part of German East Africa (Ruanda and Urundi).
- July 6 - The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic by an airship.
- July 31 - Policemen in London and Liverpool strike for recognition of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers. Over 2,000 strikers are dismissed.
- Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, along with his father John W. Bascom at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, designs and makes rodeo's first reverse-opening side-delivery bucking chute, now the world standard.
- Les Champs Magnetiques, the first automatic book, is written by Andre Breton and Philippe Soupault.
- XWA (now CFCF), in Montreal, Quebec, becomes the first public radio station in North America to go on the air.
- Various strikes in USA: Strike of US railroad workers; Longshoreman's strike; The Great Steel Strike; General strike in Seattle, Washington.
- Female suffrage is enacted in Germany and Luxembourg.
- Marcel Tolkowsky's Diamond Design is published.
- The International Astronomical Union is founded.
- World League Against Alcoholism established by Anti-Saloon League
- The fictional character Ham Gravy debuts in Thimble Theatre.
- January 1 - J. D. Salinger, American novelist
- January 5 - Hector Abhayavardhana, Sri Lankan political theorist
- January 13 - Robert Stack, American actor (d. 2003)
- January 14 - Andy Rooney, American journalist
- January 15 - George Cadle Price, first Prime Minister of Belize
- January 23
- January 24 - Leon Kirchner, American composer
- January 25 - Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
- January 26 - Valentino Mazzola, Italian footballer (d. 1949)
- January 27 - Ross Bagdasarian, American musician and actor (d. 1972)
- January 31 - Jackie Robinson, baseball player (d. 1972)
- February 5
- February 9 - Langdon Brown Gilkey - American Christian Protestant ecumenical theologian (d. 2004)
- February 11
- February 12 - Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
- February 13 - Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
- February 16 - Charlie Parlato, American musician (d. 2007)
- February 18 - Jack Palance, American actor (d. 2006)
- February 20 - Joe Krol, Canadian football player
- February 24 - Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian international civil servant (d. 2004)
- February 26
- March 2 - Jennifer Jones, American actress
- March 4 - Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)
- March 15 - Lawrence Tierney, American actor (d. 2002)
- March 17 - Nat King Cole, American singer (d. 1965)
- March 24 - Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American author and publisher
- March 24 - Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005)
- March 29 - Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)
- March 30 - McGeorge Bundy, U.S. National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
- April 1 - Joseph Murray, American surgeon, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- April 8 - Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (d. 2007)
- April 13 - Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (d. 2000)
- April 19 - Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer
- April 20 - Richard Hillary, British pilot and author (d. 1943)
- April 22 - Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
- May 1 - Dan O'Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
- May 3
- May 4 - Dory Funk, American professional wrestler (d. 1973)
- May 7 - Eva Perón, wife of Argentine President Juan Peron (d. 1952)
- May 8 - Lex Barker, American actor (d. 1973)
- May 16 - Liberace, American pianist (d. 1987)
- May 17 - Antonio Aguilar, Mexican singer and actor (d. 2007)
- May 18 - Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (d. 1991)
- May 20 - George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
- May 23 - Betty Garrett, American actress and dancer
- June 4 - Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
- June 5 - Richard Scarry, American children's author (d. 1994)
- June 19 - Pauline Kael, American film critic (d. 2001)
- June 21 - Gérard Pelletier, Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
- June 26 - Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
- June 30 - Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
- July 6 - Ernst Haefliger, Swiss tenor (d. 2007)
- July 7 - Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
- July 15 - Iris Murdoch, Irish novelist (d. 1999)
- July 20 - Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer (d. 2008)
- July 31 - Maurice Boitel, French painter (d. 2007)
- August 11 - Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
- August 13 - Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (d. 2007)
- August 15 - Benedict Kiely, Irish author and broadcaster (d. 2007)
- August 21 - Dalmiro Finol, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1994)
- August 25 - George Wallace, Governor of Alabama (d. 1998)
- August 28 - Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- August 31 - Amrita Preetam, Indian poetess and author (d. 2005)
- September 11 - Ota Sik, Czech economist and politician (d. 2004)
- September 21 - Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani Islamic scholar (d. 1988)
- September 24 - Rick Vallin, Russian-American actor (d. 1977)
- September 26 - Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
- September 27 - James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (d. 1986)
- October 3 - James M. Buchanan, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- October 5 - Donald Pleasence, English actor (d. 1995)
- October 7 - Zelman Cowen, Governor-General of Australia
- October 11 - Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
- October 12 - Doris Miller, American sailor (d. 1943)
- October 16 - Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
- October 17 - Zhao Ziyang, prime minister of the People's Republic of China (d. 2005)
- October 18
- October 22 - Doris Lessing, British writer
- October 23 - Manolis Andronikos, Greek Arceologist (d 1992)
- October 26
- November 3
- November 5 - Myron Floren, American accordionist (d. 2005)
- November 10 - Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian firearms inventor
- November 14 - Lisa Otto, German soprano
- November 15 - Roy Burden, Canadian World War II pilot (d. 2005)
- November 18 - Andrée Borrel, French World War II heroine (d. 1944)
- November 28 - Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (d. 2004)
- December 6 - Paul de Man, Belgian-born literary critic (d. 1983)
- December 8 - Mieczyslaw Weinberg, Polish composer (d. 1996)
- December 9 - William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- December 21 - Ove Sprogøe, Danish actor (d. 2004)
- December 31 - Tommy Byrne, baseball player (d. 2007)
January - June
- January 4 - Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1843)
- January 6
- January 7 - Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1843)
- January 15
- January 18 - Prince John of the United Kingdom (b. 1905)
- January 27 - Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
- February 17 - Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1841)
- March 2 - Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
- April 4 - William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
- April 10 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
- April 15 - Jane Delano, American nurse and founder or the American Red Cross Nursing Service (b. 1862)
- May 3 - Eugen Levine, German revolutionary (b. 1883)
- May 4 - Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak general, politician, and astronomer (b. 1880)
- May 6 - L. Frank Baum, American writer (b. 1856)
- May 14 - Henry John Heinz, American businessman (b. 1844)
- June 29 - José Gregorio Hernández, Venezuelan medician and saint (b. 1864)
- June 30 - John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
July - December
- July 15 - Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- July 26 - Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1836)
- August 9 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (b. 1857)
- August 11 - Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born businessman and philanthropist (b. 1835)
- October 7 - Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
- October 13 - Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
- October 18 - Viscount William Astor, American financier and statesman (b. 1848)
- November 9 - Eduard Müller, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1848)
- November 15 - Alfred Werner, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- December 3 - Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter (b. 1841)
- Margaret MacMillan, Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World, 2002, Random House.
- Paula Phelan, 1919 Misfortune's End, 2007, ZAPmedia.