was a after Bunshō
and before Bunmei
. This period spanned the years from 1467 through 1469. The reigning emperor was .
Change of era
- ; 1467: The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The old era ended and a new one commenced in Bunshō 2.
Events of the Ōnin era
The Ōnin War
: This conflict began as a controversy over who should follow Ashikaga Yoshimasa
as shogun after his retirement – whether it would be his brother (Yoshimi) or his son (Yoshihisa
); but this succession dispute was merely a pretext for rival groups of daimyos
to fight in a struggle for military supremacy. In the end, there was no clearcut winner. The complex array of factional armies simply fought themselves into exhaustion.
- Ōnin 1, in the 1st month 1467: Yamana Souzen and Hatakeyama Yoshinari took up positions around the Muramachi-dono, the Ashikaga residence in Heian-kyo where the Shogun made his headquarters. They sent for Ashikaga Yoshimi, and they also invited former-Emperor Go-Hanazono and Go-Tsuchimikado to come themselves to Muramachi to witness for themselves that Hosokawa Katsumoto and Hatakeyama Michinaga would be put to death. For his part, Yoshimi first tried to ameliorate the escalating situation. Failing that, Yoshimi ordered Yoshinari to kill Masanaga, but Yoshinari was overpowered and Masanaga fled the capital. These events caused Souzen and Yoshinari to feel afraid of what might happen next.
- Ōnin 1, in the 1st month 1467: The nadaijin Sayensi-no Saneto was replaced by Hino-no Katsumitsi.
- Ōnin 1, in the 2nd month 1467: Shiba-no Yoshikado became kanrei; and from this moment forward, the confidence and activities of Katsumoto ceased entirely. He didn't go out at all, and he began to regret that he hadn't joined Masanaga. At the same time, Souzen and Yoshinari despaired as they secretly occupied themselves with preparations for armed confrontation. They informed their clans of their plans, and they began to believe that with support from outside the capital, it would be possible to surmount any number of obstacles.
- Ōnin 1, in the 5th month 1467: Nijō Mochimitsi was removed from his role as kampaku, and Ichijo taiko kaneyoshi became his successor.
Construction begins on the Silver Pavilion (also known as Ginkaku-ji) in the eastern hills (Higashiyama) near Heian-kyō.
- Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)
- Varley, H. Paul. (1973). Japanese Culture: A Short History. London: Farber and Farber. ISBN 0-571-10298-0