Definitions

wickyup

List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine

This is a complete List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine. The United States National Historic Landmark program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. The state of Maine is home to 41 of these landmarks, displaying the state's maritime heritage, as well as literary, archeological, religious, and a wide array of other themes.

In addition, one site in Maine was designated a National Historic Landmark, and subsequently de-designated; this site appears in a separate table further below.

The table below lists all 41 of these sites, along with added detail and description.

Current NHLs

Landmark name Image Year listed Locality County Description

American Eagle (Schooner)

image pending

Rockland

Knox

Last sailing fishing schooner built in Gloucester, Massachusetts

James G. Blaine House

Augusta

Kennebec

Built in 1833, official residence of the state since 1919

Bowdoin (Arctic Exploration Schooner)

Castine

Kennebec

Schooner built for Arctic exploration in 1921, currently a training ship

Parker Cleaveland House

image pending

Brunswick

Cumberland

Home of Parker Cleaveland who conducted some of the earliest studies of mineralogy in the US. Known as the "Father of American Mineralogy", Cleaveland lived in this house from 1806 to 1858.

Cushnoc Archeological Site

image pending

Augusta

Kennebec

Remains of a Plymouth Colony trading post

Neal Dow House

NRHP photos avail.

Portland

Cumberland

Home of 1880 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. president

Fort Halifax

Winslow

Kennebec

Part of a fort: oldest blockhouse in the U.S.

Fort Kent

NRHP photos avail.

Fort Kent

Aroostook

Associated with the Aroostook War

Fort Knox

Prospect

Waldo

Granite fort, built during 1844-1869

Fort Western

Augusta

Kennebec

Oldest wooden fort in the U.S.

Daniel Coit Gilman Summer House

NRHP photo avail.

Northeast Harbor

Hancock

A home of Daniel Coit Gilman, leader of graduate education in the United States

Governor's House

NRHP photos avail.

Togus

Kennebec

Surviving building from 1869 first Veterans' Home in the U.S.

Grace Bailey (Schooner)

Camden

Knox

A ship

Hamilton House

NRHP photos avail.

South Berwick

York

A house

Harpswell Meetinghouse

HABS and NRHP photos avail.

Harpswell Center

Cumberland

Church and town meeting hall, from 1757

Winslow Homer Studio

Scarborough

Cumberland

NRHP photos avail.

Isaac H. Evans (Schooner)

NRHP photos avail.

Rockland

Knox

Maine windjammer

J. & E. Riggin (Schooner)

Rockland

Knox

Sarah Orne Jewett House

South Berwick

York

Kennebec Arsenal

image pending

Augusta

Kennebec

Munitions depot built during 1828-1838, size and location relating to the Northeast Boundary Controversy

Lady Pepperrell House

Kittery Point

York

Lewis R. French (Schooner)

image pending

Rockland

Knox

McIntire Garrison House

York

York

McLellan-Sweat Mansion

image pending

Portland

Cumberland

Mercantile (Schooner)

Camden

Knox

Morse-Libby Mansion

Portland

Cumberland

Nickels-Sortwell House

image pending

Wiscasset

Lincoln

Norridgewock Archeological District

image pending

Madison

Somerset

Old York Gaol

York

York

Pemaquid Archeological Site

Bristol

Lincoln

Pentagoet Archeological District

image pending

Castine

Hancock

Portland Observatory

Portland

Cumberland

Thomas B. Reed House

Portland

Cumberland

Edwin Arlington Robinson House

Gardiner

Kennebec

Roseway (Schooner)

Camden

Knox

Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village

New Gloucester

Androscoggin

Founded in 1783, organized in 1794, this is the last active Shaker community in the United States. A representative collection of Shaker implements and furniture is housed in the buildings.

Stephen Taber (Schooner)

Rockland

Knox

Harriet Beecher Stowe House

Brunswick

Cumberland

Tate House

Stroudwater

Cumberland

Victory Chimes (Schooner)

image pending

Rockland

Knox

Wadsworth-Longfellow House

Portland

Cumberland

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service

National Historic Sites, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There is just one of these in Maine. The National Park Service lists this site together with the NHLs in the state, It is:

Landmark name
Image Date established Location County Description
St. Croix Island International Historic Site Calais Washington

Former NHLs in Maine

Landmark name Image Year listed Locality County Description
1

Wickyup (Richard E. Byrd House)

1970,
withdrawn 1986

East Sullivan

Hancock

This house was the summer home of pioneer aviator and explorer Admiral Richard E. Byrd from 1937 until his death in 1957. Here he planned three Antarctic expeditions, wrote, and drafted what became the 1959 Antarctic Treaty. Wickyup was destroyed by fire in 1984.

References

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