Definitions

white-friars

List of religious houses in Scotland

List of religious houses in Scotland is a link page to any abbey, priory, friary or other religious house in Scotland.

Abbreviations and Key

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:-
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
Trusteeship denoted as follows:-
HS Historic Scotland
NTS National Trust for Scotland
CS Church of Scotland
Other abbreviations
trns transferred
rmv removed
c. circa (about)
ante before
post after

Aberdeen

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Aberdeen (Red) Friars Trinitarian before 1274   The - Church of the Holy Trinity, Aberdeen
Aberdeen (White) Friars Carmelite c. 1273  
Aberdeen (Black) Friars Dominican 1230 x 1249   St John the Baptist
'''Aberdeen (Grey) Friars Franciscan 1469 Observants  

Aberdeenshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Deer Abbey Cistercian from Kinloss 1214/19-1560 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Deer
Fyvie Priory Tironensian from Kelso, under Arbroath   The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Fyvie
Monymusk Priory Culdees 1138, Augustinian c1245   The Priory Church of Saint Mary and Saint John, Monymusk

Angus

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Arbroath Abbey Cluniac priory 1176(1178), later Tironensian   The Abbey Church of Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Arbroath
Brechin monastery Culdees, site now occupied by the diocesan cathedral of the Scottish Episcopal Church    
Restenneth Priory Augustinian    

Argyll & Bute

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Ardchattan Priory Valliscaulian from Val des Choux 1230/1, part of church used parochially -1722, site now largely occupied by Victorian house (HS)   The Priory Church of Saint John the Baptist, Ardchattan
Eileach-an-Naoimh monastery, Garvellach Islands      
Iona Abbey+ Benedictine abbey 1203 and cathedral, now restored and in use as ecumenical Christian community (HS)    
Iona nunnery (HS)    
Kingarth monastery 6thC (HS) Cinngrad monastery  
Oronsay Priory Augustinian 1330   The Priory Church of Saint Oran, Oronsay
Saddell Abbey Cistercian 1207-1507    
Sgòr Nam Ban-Naomha monastery      

Dumfries and Galloway

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Canonbie Priory Augustinian    
Dundrennan Abbey Cistercian from Rievaulx 1142-1560 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Dundrennan
Glenluce Abbey Cistercian from Melrose 1191/2-1560 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Glenluce
Holywood Abbey Premonstratensian from Soulseat 1220s   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Holywood
Kirkcudbright Friary+ Franciscan c1450, conventual church    
Lincluden Collegiate Church Benedictine Nuns 1164-1389, secular canons college late14thC (HS)    
St Mary's Priory, St. Mary's Isle (Isle of Trahil) Augustinian c1138, from Holyrood   Prioratus Sanctae Mariae de Trayl
Soulseat Abbey Premonstratensian from Premontre 1152 Saulseat Abbey The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint John, Soulseat
Sweetheart Abbey Cistercian from Dundrennan 1273-1560 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Sweetheart
Tongland Abbey Premonstratensian from Cockersand 1218    
Whithorn Priory Premonstratensian 1175, cathedral church of Galloway (HS)    

Dumfries and Galloway non-Christian monasteries

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Samye Ling Monastery, Langholm Karma Kagyu school Tibetan Buddhist 1967   Kagyu Samye Ling Monastery and Tibetan Centre

City of Edinburgh

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Blackfriars, Edinburgh Dominican 1230    
Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh Augustinian from St. Andrews 1128, partly absorbed into 17thC Holyrood Palace (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Saint Andrew and All Saints, Holyrood
South Queensferry Priory Carmelite    

East Ayrshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Mauchline Priory Cistercian (grange of Melrose) 1165   The Priory Church of Saint Cuthbert, Mauchline

East Lothian

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Dunbar Priory Trinitarian 1218   The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Dunbar
Luffness Friary Carmelite 1293    
Nunraw* Cistercian cell of Haddington monastery Sancta Maria Abbey, Nunraw
North Berwick Priory Cistercian Nuns c1150    

Fife Region

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Balmerino Abbey Cistercian from Melrose 1227/9-1560, secularised 1603 (NTS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint Edward
Culross Abbey Cistercian from Kinloss 1217/8-1560, currently partly in use as a parish church (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Saint Andrew and Saint Serf, Culross
Dunfermline Abbey Benedictine priory c1070, abbey 1124/1128    
Inchcolm Abbey Augustinian 1123 St. Colm's Abbey, Inch The Abbey Church of Saint Columba, Inchcolm
Inverkeithing Friary Franciscan ante1384   poss. The Friary Church of Saint Mary, Inverkeithing
Isle of May Priory Augustinian/Benedictine from Reading   The Priory Church of Saint Oran and Saint Colman, Isle of May
Lindores Abbey Tironensian from Kelso c1190   The Abbey Church of Our Lady and Saint Andrew
Pittenweem Priory Augustinian trns from Isle of May c1200    
St. Andrew's Cathedral Priory Augustinian 1144, cathedral 908 (HS)   The Cathedral and Priory Church of Saint Andrew, Saint Andrews
St. Rule's Priory Augustinian from Scone 1133-1144 (HS)   The Priory Church of Saint Rule, Saint Andrews
Black Friars Abbey, St Andrews Dominican Blackfriars Chapel  
St Monan's Friary+ Dominican 1471   The Friary Church of Saint Monan, Saint Monan's

City of Glasgow

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Dominican Friary, Glasgow# Dominican 1246, after the Reformation it was gifted by Mary Queen of Scots to the University of Glasgow and served as a parish church. Rebuilt 1699-1702, it was demolished when the university re-located in the 1870s. 1870s    
Fransiscan Friary, Glasgow# Fransiscan 1477   Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary    

Highland Region

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Beauly Priory Valliscaulian from Val des Choux 1230 (HS)   The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist, Beauly
Fearn Abbey Premonstratensian 1227   The Abbey Church of Saint Ninian, Fearn
Fort Augustus Abbey built as a military fort, benedictine abbey and school in 20thC, now in private ownership    
North Rona monastery 7thC    

Lanarkshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Blantyre Priory Augustinian Canons (a cell of Jedburgh) 13thC    

Midlothian

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Newbattle Abbey Cistercian from Melrose 1140-1560   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Newbattle

Moray

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Elgin (Black) Friary Dominican founded 1233/4 by King Alexander II    
Elgin (Grey) Friary Franciscan, restored and now in use by adjacent convent    
Kinloss Abbey Cistercian from Melrose 1150-1560   The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Kinloss
Pluscarden Abbey * Valliscaulian priory from Val des Choux 1230, Benedictine priory, now Benedictine abbey   The Abbey Church of Saint Andrew, Pluscarden
Urquhart Priory Benedictine from Dunfermline 1124   The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Urquhart

North Ayrshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Kilwinning Abbey Tironensian from Kelso 1162   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Kilwinning

North Ayrshire non-Christian Monasteries

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Holy Island Monastery Tibetan Buddhist    

Orkney

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Brough of Birsay monastery possible monastic settlement or episcopal residence    
Eynhallow monastery# possible site of monastic settlement 12thC    

Perth & Kinross Region

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Abernethy Priory# Augustinian 1273, on site of earlier monastery and Culdees community, and possible cathedral, later site of college, nothing remains   The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Saint Bridget and Saint Abrinca
Coupar Angus Abbey Cistercian from Melrose 1161/64-1560, secularised 1606   The Abbey Church of The Blessed Virgin Mary, Coupar Angus
Elcho Priory Cistercian nuns ante1241    
Inchaffray Abbey Augustinian from Scone 1200   The Abbey Church of Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Mary, Inchaffray
Loch Tay Priory Augustinian from Scone 1122   The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Loch Tay
Montrose Abbey Dominican 1230    
St Fillan's Priory Augustinian from Inchaffray 1317   The Priory Church of Saint Fillan, St. Fillan's
St Serf's Inch Priory, St Serf's Inch, Loch Leven Culdee, then Augustinian Canons Regular c1150, now within an island nature reserve usually without public access (HS) Portmoakso Priory, Loch Leven Priory  
Scone Abbey Augustinian from Nostell c1120   The Abbey Church of the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint Laurence, Saint Augustine and Saint Michael, Scone

Renfrewshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Paisley Abbey+ Cluniac priory from Wenlock 1163, abbey 1245 (CS)   The Abbey Church of saints Mary, James, Mirin and Milburga
Renfrew Priory Cluniac from Cluny 1163    

Scottish Borders

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
St Bathan's Priory, Abbey St Bathans Cistercian nuns    
Coldingham Priory+ Benedictine from Durham 1098, part of priory church restored and now in parochial use   The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Saint Ebba and Saint Cuthbert, Coldingham
Dryburgh Abbey Premonstratensian from Alnwick 1150 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Dryburgh
Fogo Priory Tironensian from Kelso    
Jedburgh Abbey Augustinian from St-Quentin, Beauvais 1138 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Jedburgh
Kelso Abbey Tironensian, relocated from Selkirk in 1128 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint John, Kelso
Melrose Abbey Cistercian from Rievaulx/Holmcultram 1136/7-1560 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint John, Melrose
Peebles Friary Trinitarian (Church 1261), Friary 1473 The Cross Kirk The Friary Church of the Holy Trinity, Peebles
Selkirk Abbey Tironensian from Tiron 1113    

South Ayrshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Ayr Friary Dominican 1230   The Friary Church of Saint Catherine, Ayr
Crossraguel Abbey Cluniac from Paisley 1244 (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Crossraguel

South Lanarkshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Lesmahagow Priory Tironensian from Kelso 1144   The Priory Church of Saint Malo, Lesmahagow

Stirling Region

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Cambuskenneth Abbey Arrouasian from Arrouaise 1147, Augustinian (HS)   The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Cambuskenneth
Inchmahome Priory, Lake of Menteith Augustinian 1238 (HS)    

West Dunbartonshire

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Ross Priory, Loch Lomond      

West Lothian

Foundation Communities/provenance Alt. Name Formal Name
Linlithgow Friary Carmelite c1401    
Manuel Nunnery Cistercian 1156   Emanuel Nunnery
Torphichen Preceptory+ Knights Hospitaller mid12thC    

See also

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