The white bass or sand bass (Morone chrysops) is a freshwater fish of the temperate bass family Moronidae. It is the state fish of Oklahoma. They are unrelated to the black basses, which are members of the sunfish family.
White bass are found in lakes and some large rivers throughout the United States. The species is somewhat similar in appearance to the white perch, though larger. Its back is dark, with white sides and belly, and with narrow darkish stripes running lengthwise on the sides. The average fish ranges from 10 to 16 inches in length, and usually weighs from 1 to 4 pounds, though larger ones are sometimes taken. The world record is 6 lbs. 13 ounces and was taken in Virginia. Conventional panfish tackle or fly fishing tackle is used in angling the white bass. The fish tend to move in schools and prefer to swim in clear water. A closely related fish, though much less common, is the Yellow bass which is found predominantly in the Mississippi River. Some anglers enjoy eating fresh white bass, others avoid it, as it can tend on occasion to have oily flesh.
Spawning occurs in the spring, with white bass leaving deep wintering areas and moving up river or to the upper portions of a lake. These fish often congregate in large numbers below dams and other obstructions such as riffles to spawn. White bass are active feeders during the spawn and can be caught in great numbers at this time.
For this modestly sized fish, use ultra-light spinning gear and four-pound test line. Search for the bass in water from fifteen to forty feet deep, and cover the whole area by slowly trolling any silver spoon, spinner, crank bait or small plug close to the lake bottom. Use a slow stop-and-go retrieve, and consider adding a streamer fly on a foot-long trailer line behind the lure to imitate an injured bait fish.
In temporarily muddy or discoloured river water, white bass are attracted to the vibrating spinning lures. Tie a small spinner six or so inches above a hooked minnow, and cast to the other side of the current, keeping the lure spinning as it is retrieved.
ON OUTDOORS; FRESH FISH; White bass are the fish of choice for many Southeast Asian anglers, but few metro-area lakes have them. That might change.(SPORTS)
Jan 14, 2009; Byline: DOUG SMITH; STAFF WRITER In a state where walleye is king, largemouth bass are treasured and smallmouth bass are highly...