(from Latin Anglus
"English" + Ancient Greek φόβος
-phobos, "fear") is a hatred or fear of the English
or English culture; its antonym
Canada and the Province of Quebec
Province of Quebec
and its majority-Francophone
population has had a long history of Anglophobia since the conquest of New France
by England in 1760. Some Quebecers feel that their language is threatened by the majority English-speaking population of Canada and North-America as a whole.
The word Anglophobia originates from the eighteenth century Thomas Jefferson
used the word in a letter to James Madison
dated May 13th 1793:
The Anglophobia has seized violently on three members of our council... Anglophobia, secret anti-gallomany, a federalisme outré, and a present ease in his circumstances not usual, have decided the complexion of our dispositions, and our proceedings towards the conspirators against human liberty, and the asserters of it, which is unjustifiable in principle, in interest, and in respect to the wishes of our constituents.
During the period of alliance between Britain and the United States, Anglophobia took another form. Fleet Admiral Ernest King had been noted for his Anglophobic views which affected his decision making during the "Second happy time" (in the Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945)).
The "perfidious Albion
" expression is still used by French journalists to mock the Francophobe
sentiments of the British tabloids
, e.g. the accusation that France cheated to win the World Cup 1998
, or the accusation that the French beauty pageant
contestant Élodie Gossuin
is a transsexual
'Pom' is a common Australian slang word for Englishman, often combined with 'whing[e]ing' (complaining) to make the expression 'whingeing pom' - an English immigrant who stereotypically
complains about everything in Australia. In 2007 a complaint to Australia's Advertising Standards Bureau about a television commercial using the term 'Pom' was upheld and the commercial was withdrawn.
Republic of Ireland
In August of 2008 an English pipefitter based in Dublin was awarded 20,000 Euros for receiving abuse because he was an englishman.