An egg roll
is an appetizer
which was originally eaten in East Asia
but has spread throughout the world as a staple of Asian cuisine. It is said by some that the spring roll
led to the creation of the egg roll. Many Asian countries are claimed to have originated the dish, and variants of the egg roll exist in multiple Asian cuisines (such as the Vietnamese
chả giò). Southern China
is the most likely source, as it stems from features of Cantonese cuisine
An egg roll is made by wrapping a combination of chopped vegetables
(often mostly cabbage
, and sometimes noodles
, in a sheet of dough, dipping the dough in egg
or an egg wash
, then deep frying
it. It can be closed or open ended.
When compared with its cousin, the spring roll, the egg roll is generally larger; has a thicker, puffier skin; is crunchier; and has more filling than the spring roll. However, the terms "spring roll" and "egg roll" are often used somewhat interchangeably. The egg roll dough is wheat-based while the spring roll is sometimes rice-based.
In mainland China
, many Chinese-speaking regions of Asia, and Chinese immigrant communities around the world, egg roll
is predominantly referred to as the egg-based, flute-shaped pastry, with typically yellowish, flaky crust often eaten as a sweet snack or dessert. Some varieties are made with sesame seeds
or other flavorings/toppings, such as chocolate, cream, or strawberry. The term may also be used to refer to another modern Asian breakfast cuisine that mixes the western omelet with thin egg roll wrappers.
The American Chinese cuisine egg rolls are called either "Fried Egg Roll" or "Fried Spring Roll" - both terms are used interchangeably.
In West Bengal
, and especially Kolkata
, "egg roll" refers to a fried egg wrapped inside a paratha
flat-bread and is also known as a kati roll
In Britain, "egg roll" also commonly refers to a fried egg in a bread roll (a breakfast item). The term "pancake roll" is often used by Chinese restaurants in the UK to describe what is called an "egg roll" at Chinese restaurants elsewhere. In France, a similar hors d'oeuvre is called a "nem".
A "Mexican egg roll" is an egg roll wrap filled with beans, cheese, and, optionally, meat, as well as various peppers and spices. It is then deep-fried and served with sour cream or salsas, like the chimichanga. In Mexico the residents refer to it as a burrito or in some rare cases, a taquito.
In the Philippines, the egg roll is called Lumpiang Shanghai pronounced loom-pyang shahng-hai but is more popularly referred to as Lumpia.
In the United States, several restaurant chains (such as Chili's) market a "Southwest Egg Roll", which is a Tex-Mex dish consisting of a deep-fried flour tortilla containing (among other ingredients) corn, black beans, spinach, chicken, monterey jack cheese, peppers, and other spices.