Live Nation, Inc. is a live events company based in Beverly Hills, California. Live Nation formed in 2005 by a spin-off from Clear Channel Communications. The present CEO of the company is Michael Rapino.
Mainly a concert promoter, Live Nation "signs" artist as "record label", but predominantly takes the role of a promoter, rather than "owner of music". The deal with U2 and Madonna for example does not include copyright of the artists' future recordings. The 2007 deal signed with Jay-Z includes the rapper's future recordings. Other artists that recently signed with Live Nation include Nickelback and Shakira.
In 2005, Live Nation promoted
over 28,500 events, including music concerts, theatrical shows, specialized motor sports and other events, with total attendance exceeding 61 million. As of September 30, 2005, Live Nation owned or operated 117 venues, consisting of 75 US and 42 international venues. These venues include 39 amphitheatres, 58 theatres, 14 clubs, 4 arenas and 2 festival sites. In addition, through equity, booking or similar arrangements Live Nation has the right to book events at 33 additional venues.
In October 2007, Live Nation announced a new contract with pop singer Madonna
throughout the next decade after leaving Warner Music
and Warner Bros.
. She will be the founding recording artist for the new music division Live Nation Artists
, formerly Artist Nation. Shakira
signed a contract with Live Nation in July 2008. The singer would have to fulfill two more albums and a greatest hits cd under her old contract with Sony BMG, but all touring and other aspects of the singers musical career would be in effect with the Live Nation contract.
In January, 2008, Live Nation sold its North American theatrical business (including the Broadway Across America business) to Key Brand Entertainment for $90.4 million. Key Brand Entertainment is a private investment company owned by British theater producer John Gore and led by senior entertainment industry executive Tom McGrath.
In April 2008 a deal for $150 million deal between Jay-Z and Live Nation was confirmed. The deal covers financing of Jay-Z's own entertainment venture, live shows, tours and future recordings for the next 10 years.
House of Blues
In 2006 Live Nation acquired House of Blues. Currently there are 11 House of Blues venues located in New Orleans, Los Angeles, Chicago, Myrtle Beach, Orlando, Las Vegas, Anaheim, Cleveland, San Diego, Atlantic City and Dallas. Additional HOB clubs are being planned for Houston and Boston. House of Blues is headed by President Deb Eybers.
As a previous subsidiary of Clear Channel Communications under the Clear Channel Entertainment name, Live Nation was party to some highly visible controversies. The 2005 SEC filing for the creation of Live Nation listed several reasons for pursuing the split, including avoiding regulatory and legal pitfalls faced by Clear Channel.
Live music recordings
, Clear Channel acquired a key patent in the process of producing Instant Live
recordings, in which a live performance is recorded directly from the sound engineer's console during the show, and then rapidly burned on CD
so that audience members can buy copies of the show as they are leaving the venue. This had been intended to provide additional revenue to the artist, venue, and promoter, as well as stifle the demand for unauthorized bootleg
concert recordings made by audience members for profit. However, some media critics, as well as smaller business rivals, believed that Clear Channel was using the patent (on the process of adding cues to the beginning and ending of tracks during recording
, so that the concert is not burned as a single enormous track) to drive competitors out of business or force them to pay licensing fees, even if they do not use precisely the same process. The patent was transferred to Live Nation when Clear Channel Entertainment was spun off,
but the claims of the patent were cancelled on March 13
after the patent owner failed to respond to a final office action in an inter partes reexamination
proceeding. All originally issued claims were rejected as being anticipated
or rendered obvious
by earlier publications for products developed by Telex
Comments about Jazz in American Culture
On June 17, 2008, with regard to musical acts that would be selected by Live Nation to perform at a proposed festival in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
, Mike Luba of Live Nation Artists stated "We're doing everything we can to eliminate jazz from American culture, so, no jazz!" On June 18, Luba explained that he had made the comment in jest. As of June 20th, however, the company has not issued a formal apology for their remark. At the time, many people felt that an apology wasn't necessary and that the entire controversy was the result of media sensationalism since the comment at the meeting was clearly made in jest.
Current members of the board of directors
of Live Nation are: Henry Cisneros
, Jeffrey T. Hinson
, L. Lowry Mays
, Mark P. Mays
, Randall T. Mays
, Connie McCombs McNab
, John N. Simons, Jr.
, Timothy P. Sullivan
, Harvey Weinstein
, Michael Cohl
, and Michael Rapino
Live Nation Music Group and Live Nation Artists
Live Nation is currently constructing a physical recording label, Live Nation Artists, which will be a division of Live Nation Music Group. The company is expected to become a major rival against EMI
, Sony BMG
, Universal Music Group
and Warner Music Group
with artists such as Madonna
As of July 30, 2008, CEO Michael Rapino is considering doing licensing deals on an artist-by-artist basis, a source inside Live Nation said. Under that scenario, Warner Music Group could end up handling the marketing, promotion and distribution of albums by the very acts that defected from it to join Live Nation: Nickelback and Madonna. "Rapino wants to outsource everything," said a second source close to the situation. "He doesn't want to build an infrastructure or carry any overhead." The move is mirrored after the "rent-a-system" model used in Hollywood, whereby one studio produces a movie but licenses all the other functions to another studio that already has a distribution and marketing infrastructure.
Live Nation's talks, which sources say are still in their early stages, represent the latest retrenchment from the strategy of former chairman Michael Cohl, who sought to transform the touring giant into a multi-faceted powerhouse, including a record company. News of the potential outsourcing move follows last week's dismissal of industry veterans Bob Ezrin, Bob Cahill and Bill Hein, all of whom were Artist Nation employees hired by Cohl to create a label infrastructure for Live Nation's newly signed acts. Instead of banking all the upside on album sales, as was once envisioned with these so-called "360 deals," Live Nation would likely collect a less lucrative outsourcing royalty of between 25 percent and 35 percent, based on other industry licensing deals.
It would then be responsible for using that money to pay the artist's royalty - a fee that, at the superstar level, can come close to equaling the licensing royalty the company is apt to get from a label.
Sources cautioned, however, that without a new album due to Live Nation for at least 18 months, the company is in no rush to make a decision.
- Michael Rapino – chief executive officer; married to Jolene Blalock
- Kathy Willard – Chief Financial Officer
- Jason Garner – CEO, NA Music
- Alan Ridgeway – CEO, International Music
- Nathan Hubbard – CEO, Ticketing
- Russell Wallach – President, Live Nation Alliances
- Michael Rowles – Executive Vice President and General Counsel
- Arthur Fogel – Chairman of Global Music
- Thomas O. Johansson – Chairman, International Music
- Bob Ezrin - Chairman, Live Nation Artists Recording Division
- Tres Thomas - Senior V.P., global touring
- Kate Ramos - S.V.P., global touring
- Live Nation owns SFX Entertainment, providing venue and artist management. It owns, operates and/or exclusively books 135 live entertainment venues, including 43 in Europe, along with producing high profile events such as Super Bowl halftime shows. It also represents major music artists.
- Owned Monster Jam, a promoter of monster truck races and other indoor motorsports. Live Nation also owned several trucks and the rights to several trucks running at these events, including Grave Digger, Superman and Maximum Destruction. Now owned by Feld Entertainment, divested in September 2008.
- Produces sporting events: 84 Lumber Classic of Pennsylvania; Legg Mason Tennis Classic; ADT Skills Challenge; American Century Golf Championship; THQ World Supercross GP; National Arenacross Series; IFMA Freestyle Motocross; and IHRA Drag Racing
- Produces concerts and festivals: Great New York State Fair, Ozzfest, Jägermeister Music Tour, and Music Midtown (Atlanta) and in the UK Download at Donington, Hyde Park Calling and Wireless Festival. Through its LN/Gaiety subsidiary it also manages the Festival Republic festivals at Reading and Leeds.
- In July 2006 Live Nation announced it has entered into a definitive merger agreement to acquire HOB Entertainment, Inc., the operator of the House of Blues chain of music halls and restaurants.
- In March 2007 Live Nation/Gaiety bought a majority share in a further 10 music venues from the Academy Music Group including the Brixton Academy and Shepherds Bush Empire.
- On October 16, 2007, Live Nation announced it signed a $120 million, 10-year global partnership contract with pop artist Madonna who will become the founding artist in its new Artist Nation division. The deal consists of all future music and music-related businesses including albums, concert tours, merchandising, fan club/web site, DVDs, music-related television and film projects, and associated sponsorship agreements.
- Live Nation owned the aforementioned Broadway Across America series, divested in January, 2008.
- On March 31, 2008, Live Nation announced it signed a 12-year partnership contract with Irish rock band U2, after quitting Island Records. They wil expire in 2020.
- On April 3, 2008, Live Nation announced it signed a 10-year, $150 million music deal with multi-platinum rap artist and entrepreneur, Jay-Z. They wil expire in 2018.
- In July, 2008, Live Nation announced it signed a 3-album deal with multi-platinum, Canadian rock band, Nickelback, after quitting Roadrunner Records. They wil expire after 3 studio albums.
- Acquired Italian music promoters Milano Concerti and Friends & Partners Agency.
- Worldwide subsidiaries include Welldone Agency & Promotion (Finland), dkbMotor (Denmark), EMA Telstar (Sweden) and Gunnar Eide Concerts (Norway).
- Live Nation's subsidiary Mojo Concerts is the biggest organiser of concerts in The Netherlands with over 200 concerts and a total of a million visitors a year. Well known festivals include Pinkpop, Lowlands, Arrow Rock Festival and North Sea Jazz.
- Owns Clear Channel Entertainment do Brasil Ltda, a Brazilian music promotion and production company
- Acquires Music and Entertainment producers GAMERCO, the biggest Spanish promotion and production company.
- In the United Kingdom, as Live Nation UK, owns:
- Festivals called Download, Wireless and Hyde Park Calling
- A stake in Festival Republic, and thus interests in:
- Management and operations at the London's Wembley Arena, Cardiff International Arena and the Sheffield Arena.
- A large majority of the UK's biggest regional theatre houses including the Sunderland Empire Theatre, Palace Theatre, Manchester, Alexandra Theatre in Birmingham, Lyceum Theatre, London, Dominion Theatre, Edinburgh Playhouse, Liverpool Empire, New Theatre Oxford and Bristol Hippodrome.
- A concert promotion business which promotes large outdoor concerts in Hyde Park, London, as well as numerous small and medium concert venues across the country.
- In Ireland, Live Nation own a half share in the Dublin's Point Arena. This closed in August 2007 for a refurbishment which is scheduled to be complete by Xmas 2008.
- In Belgium, Live Nation organises big festivals, like Rock Werchter and Graspop Metal Meeting.
- In Canada, Pemberton Festival was launched in July 2008 by Live Nation.