water-way plank

Transport in Brazil

Transportation in Brazil


  • Total actual network: 27,882 km (1,122 km electrified - Excludes urban rail)

Broad gauge: 4,057 km gauge
Narrow gauge: 23,489 km gauge
Dual gauge: 336 km 1000 mm and 1600 mm gauges (three rails) (1999 est.)
Standard gauge: 10 km gauge:

Cities with Metros

Railway links with adjacent countries

Tramways (Street Railways)

Brazil had a hundred tramway systems. Currently, there are vintage tramways operating in Belem, Campinas, Campos de Jordao, Itatinga, Rio de Janeiro and Santos.


total: 1.98 million km
paved: 184,140 km (11,000 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,795,860 km (1996 est.)


50,000 km navigable


Seaports and harbors

Atlantic Ocean

Amazon river

Paraguay River (international water way)

Merchant marine

total: 174 ships (or over) totaling /
ships by type: (1999 est.)


3,277 (1999 est.)

Most international flights must go to Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo or Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro. Belo Horizonte is the main international airport outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. A few go to Brasilia, Recife, Natal, and just recently Fortaleza has accepted international flights. With South American integration, more airports can be expected to open to international flights.

Airports - with paved runways

total: 541
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 20
1,524 to 2,437 m: 138
914 to 1,523 m: 346
under 914 m: 32 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 2,736
1,524 to 2,437 m: 73
914 to 1,523 m: 1,306
under 914 m: 1,357 (1999 est.)

National airlines

See also


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