" is a term originally applied to the activities of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
during the Wars of the Roses
. The term has come to be applied more generally to a person or group that has great influence in a royal
or political succession, without being a viable candidate. Kingmakers may use political, monetary, religious, and/or military means to interfere in the succession. Examples include:
In game theory
In game theory, a kingmaker is a player who lacks sufficient resources or position to win at a given game, but possesses enough remaining resources to decide which of the remaining viable players will eventually win.
By analogy, "Kingmaker" is also used in some countries to refer to those with the ability to influence the selection of political leaders.
Modern politicians known as "Kingmaker" include: