Voroshilov

Voroshilov

[vawr-uh-shee-luhf; Russ. vuh-ruh-shi-luhf]
Voroshilov, Kliment Yefremovich, 1881-1969, Soviet military leader and public official. A Bolshevik from 1903, he was an active revolutionary prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and an outstanding Red Army commander in the civil war (1918-20) that followed it. As commissar for military and naval affairs, later defense (1925-40), Voroshilov helped reorganize the Red Army. In World War II he served as commander of the northwestern front. Voroshilov was a member of the politburo of the central committee of the Communist party from 1926 and a member of the Supreme Soviet from 1937. A close associate of Stalin, he became chairman of the presidium of the supreme council of the USSR (i.e., president of the USSR) on Stalin's death (1953). Implicated by Khrushchev in the 1957 "antiparty faction" against Khrushchev, he was forced to resign in 1960 and was dropped from the central committee in 1961. After Khrushchev's ouster he was reelected to the central committee (1966).
Voroshilov: see Ussuriysk, Russia.

(born Feb. 4, 1881, Verkhneye, Russia—died Dec. 2, 1969, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.) Soviet military and political leader. A notable military commander in World War I and later in the Russian Civil War, he led the defense of Tsaritsyn (now Volgograd). A close associate of Joseph Stalin, he was appointed people's commissar for defense (1925) and a member of the Politburo (1926). Named a marshal of the Soviet Union (1935), he reorganized the Soviet general staff, mechanized the army, and developed the air force. After the initial Soviet defeats in World War II, he was removed as defense commissar but appointed to the committee for state defense (1941–44). He later chaired the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1953–57).

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(born Feb. 4, 1881, Verkhneye, Russia—died Dec. 2, 1969, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.) Soviet military and political leader. A notable military commander in World War I and later in the Russian Civil War, he led the defense of Tsaritsyn (now Volgograd). A close associate of Joseph Stalin, he was appointed people's commissar for defense (1925) and a member of the Politburo (1926). Named a marshal of the Soviet Union (1935), he reorganized the Soviet general staff, mechanized the army, and developed the air force. After the initial Soviet defeats in World War II, he was removed as defense commissar but appointed to the committee for state defense (1941–44). He later chaired the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1953–57).

Learn more about Voroshilov, Kliment (Yefremovich) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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