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Von Neumann, John, 1903-57, American mathematician, b. Hungary, Ph.D. Univ. of Budapest, 1926. He came to the United States in 1930 and was naturalized in 1937. He taught (1930-33) at Princeton and after 1933 was associated with the Institute for Advanced Study. In 1954 he was appointed a member of the Atomic Energy Commission. A founder of the mathematical theory of games (see games, theory of), he also made fundamental contributions to quantum theory and to the development of the atomic bomb. He was a leader in the design and development of high-speed electronic computers; his development of *maniac—*an acronym for *m*athematical *a*nalyzer, *n*umerical *i*ntegrator, *a*nd *c*omputer—enabled the United States to produce and test (1952) the world's first hydrogen bomb. With Oskar Morgernstern he wrote *Theory of Games and Economic Behavior* (1944, rev. ed. 1953). Von Neumann's other writings include *Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics* (1926, tr. 1955), *Computer and the Brain* (1958), and *Theory of Self-reproducing Automata* (ed. by A. W. Burks, pub. posthumously, 1966).

See his collected works (Vol. I-III, 1961-62; Vol. IV-VI, 1963); biography by N. Macrae (1992).

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Licensed from Columbia University Press

Licensed from Columbia University Press

The John von Neumann Theory Prize of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences
is awarded annually to an individual (or sometimes group) who have made fundamental and sustained contributions to theory in operations research and the management sciences. ## List of recipients

## See also

## External links

The Prize named after mathematician John von Neumann is awarded for a body of work, rather than a single piece. The Prize was intended to reflect contributions that have stood the test of time. The criteria include significance, innovation, depth, and scientific excellence.

The award is $5,000, a medallion and a citation.

The Prize has been awarded since 1975. The first recipient was George B. Dantzig for his work on linear programming.

- 2007 Arthur F. Veinott, Jr.
- for his profound contributions to three major areas of operations research and management science: inventory theory, dynamic programming and lattice programming.
- 2006 Martin Grötschel, László Lovász and Alexander Schrijver
- for their fundamental path-breaking work in combinatorial optimization.
- 2005 Robert J. Aumann
- ''in recognition of his fundamental contributions to game theory and related areas
- 2004 J. Michael Harrison
- for his profound contributions to two major areas of operations research and management science: stochastic networks and mathematical finance.
- 2003 Arkadi Nemirovski and Michael J. Todd
- for their seminal and profound contributions in continuous optimization.
- 2002 Donald L. Iglehart and Cyrus Derman
- for their fundamental contributions to performance analysis and optimization of stochastic systems
- 2001 Ward Whitt
- for his contributions to queueing theory, applied probability and stochastic modelling
- 2000 Ellis L. Johnson and Manfred W. Padberg
- 1999 R. Tyrrell Rockafellar
- 1998 Fred W. Glover
- 1997 Peter Whittle
- 1996 Peter C. Fishburn
- 1995 Egon Balas
- 1994 Lajos Takacs
- 1993 Robert Herman
- 1992 Alan J. Hoffman and Philip Wolfe
- 1991 Barlow, Proschan
- 1990 Richard Karp
- 1989 Harry M. Markowitz
- 1988 Herbert Simon
- 1987 Samuel Karlin
- 1986 Kenneth J. Arrow
- 1985 Jack Edmonds
- 1984 Ralph Gomory
- 1983 Herbert E. Scarf
- 1982 Abraham Charnes, William W. Cooper, and Richard J. Duffin
- 1981 Lloyd Shapley
- 1980 David Gale, Harold W. Kuhn, and Albert W. Tucker
- 1979 David Blackwell
- 1978 John F. Nash and Carlton E. Lemke
- 1977 Felix Pollaczek
- 1976 Richard Bellman
- 1975 George B. Dantzig for his work on linear programming

There is also an IEEE John von Neumann Medal awarded by the IEEE annually "for outstanding achievements in computer-related science and technology."

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Last updated on Saturday October 04, 2008 at 15:18:50 PDT (GMT -0700)

View this article at Wikipedia.org - Edit this article at Wikipedia.org - Donate to the Wikimedia Foundation

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