Increases in Internet connectivity, bandwidth availability, and the proliferation of webcams have also had implications for virtual sex enthusiasts. It's increasingly common for these activities to include the exchange of pictures or motion video. There are companies which allow paying customers to actually watch people have live sex or masturbate and at the same time allow themselves to be watched as well. Recently devices have been introduced and marketed to allow remote controlled stimulation. Thus the distinctions between real and virtual sex may become increasingly blurred.
Sociologists have compared virtual sex to being a cyborg, because a natural human activity (having sex) is being mediated by technology. Thus, in some sense, the technology becomes part of the person's identity.
As with many other aspects of human sexuality this one is controversial, with opponents branding it as a form of pornography and often trying to infer some correlation to pedophilia and/or child pornography. There is not yet any clear consensus about the psychological implications of cybersex. As with other forms of paraphilia cybersex is scrutinized as a possible symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Meanwhile proponents are quick to point out that any activity can be symptomatic of OCD and that cybersex between or among consenting adults is essentially no different from any other form or erotica, pornography or sexual activity.
In any event the most significant risk posed by virtual sex is in establishing that all involved parties are consenting adults. In The Sims Online, an online roleplaying game, one scam was to entrap another player into having virtual sex with a minor, and use this for blackmail purposes.
Of course other forms of harassment and exploitation are possible via any communications medium and there are stories of people who have been victimized in scams by succumbing to their emotions.