is a blue-green pigment, a hydrated chromium(III) oxide
, of medium saturation and relatively dark in value. It is composed more of green
. Specifically, it is a dark shade of spring green
, the color between green and cyan
on the color wheel
. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis
, meaning "green".
The first recorded use of viridian as a color name in English was in the 1860s (exact year uncertain).
Viridian in human culture
Although viridian is a less-used color name in English, it is used in a number of cultural references.
- Beast of the X-Men stated that soon the new X-Facility wouldn't just be green (eco-friendly), it would be "positively viridian".
- Viridian (spelled Veridian, however) is a planetary system in the movie Star Trek Generations.
- In the film Beetlejuice, Otho recommends this color when he gives Delia advice on redecorating her new house, even noting the color's full chemical name: hydrated chromic oxide.
- Viridian is the name of the 2007 album released by the bluegrass music band The Greencards.
- Viridian is the name of the 7th track of progressive metal act Between the Buried and Me's critically acclaimed 2007 release, Colors. Singer/Keyboardist Tommy Rogers explains that this title was chosen because the band "felt it really fit the mood of the song.
- Viridian is the name of an Australian 3 piece alternative rock band formed by Andrew "Tank" Girolamo, Zach Miraziz, and Mason Babbel. Their EP "Forever In A Day" is due out September 2009.
- In the anime series Pokémon, Viridian is the name of one of the cities of Kanto.
- Viridian was the signature color of the world famous BBC Two identity from 1991 to 2001.
- In the million-seller 6th Tomb Raider installment, Tomb Raider: Legend. Viridian is the color of a book used in the riddle/puzzle in the Croft Manor level. Lara Croft reads the tablet: "Within the Hall of Knowledge, Tomes of Cerulean, Topaz, Viridian, and Crimson in turn reveal their Arcanum."
- A sanctioned alliance in the online game CyberNations was named "Viridian Entente". It was disbanded but has since reformed and once again gained sanction class.
- The CyberNations alliance "Viridian Entente" moved to another massively online game called Battle Dawn, they ended the third server ranked first, after being the first alliance to collect all the relics.
- Viridian is used as the name of a city in Pokémon Red and Blue.
- In the MMORPG Puzzle Pirates, the Ocean/Server 'Viridian' is one of the game's 'Doubloon Oceans', which is a free-to-play server supported by in-game and online Doubloon purchases.
- A popular online game, the Viridian Room, is a classic escape-the-room adventure in the Crimson Room series.
- The RPG Knights of the Old Republic II allowed the player to create a lightsaber that was viridian in color; however, the game describes viridian as being a mix of green and silver, rather than of green and blue.
- Viridian is the name of a clan in Soldier Front, hosted by ijji
- Viridian (spelled Veridian) is a type of Nether Drake mount obtainable in World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade.