A virelai is similar to a rondeau. Each stanza has two rhymes, the end rhyme recurring as the first rhyme of the following stanza. The overall musical structure is almost invariably ABbaA, with the first and last sections having the same lyrics; this is the same form as the Italian ballata. The first stanza is known as the estribillo, the next two as mudanzas, and the fourth as the vuelta.
One of the most famous composers of virelai is Guillaume de Machaut (1300–1377), who also wrote his own verse; 33 separate compositions in the form survive by him. Other composers of virelai include Jehannot de l'Escurel, one of the earliest (d. 1304), and Guillaume Dufay (c.1400–1474), one of the last.
By the mid-15th century, the form had become largely divorced from music, and numerous examples of this form (as well as the ballade and the rondeau) were written, which were either not intended to be set to music, or for which the music has not survived.
Violin Sonata, op. 82/Romance, op. 1/Bizarrerie, op. 13/2/Pastourelle, op. 4/2/La Capricieuse, op. 17/Virelai, op. 4/3/Mazurka, op. 10/1/Idyll, op. 4/1/Chanson de nuit, op. 15/1/Chanson de matin, op. 15/2/Salut d'amour, op. 12/Offertoire
Jul 01, 2007; ELGAR Violin Sonata, op. 82. Romance, op. 1. Bizarrerie, op. 13/2. Pastourelle, op. 4/2. La Capricieuse, op. 17. virelai,...
ELGAR: Violin Concerto. Serenade for Strings. Romance. Mazurka. Bizarrerie. Serenade. Idylle. Salut d'amour. Etude-caprice. May Song. Virelai. In Hammersbach. Carissima. Adieu. Études caractéristiques. Élévation. Pastourelle. Chansons de matin et de nuit; La Capricieuse; Bavarian Dances: No. 1; No. 3. Sospiri. Polonaise in d. Dreaming. Mot d'amour. Valse. Reminiscences. The Crown of India: Interlude. Allegretto: Duet on a Theme of GEDGE. Violin Sonata. Fugue for Violin and Oboe; BÉRAUD: Petite Reine
Nov 01, 2011; ELGAR Violin Concerto. Serenade for Strings. Romance. Mazurka. Bizarrerie. Serenade. Idylle. Salut d'amour. Etude-caprice. May...