Definitions

viper

viper

[vahy-per]
viper, any of a large number of heavy-bodied, poisonous snakes of the family Viperidae, characterized by erectile, hypodermic fangs. The fangs are folded back against the roof of the mouth except when the snake strikes. Vipers are distributed throughout Eurasia and Africa. They range in size from under 1 ft (30 cm) to nearly 6 ft (2 m) and often have zigzag or diamond patterns. Best known is the common European viper, or adder (Vipera berus), distributed throughout Europe and N Asia. It feeds on small mammals and lizards and hibernates in winter. Its venom is rarely fatal to humans. The asp viper, or asp (V. aspis), is a smaller species inhabiting S Europe. The greatest variety of vipers is found in Africa. The brightly patterned Gaboon viper, Bitis gabonica, is the longest of the vipers and has a body diameter of up to 6 in. (15 cm). The puff adder, B. arietans, found over most of Africa and in Arabia, is a highly venomous species whose bite is often fatal. The pit vipers of the Americas, including the rattlesnake, copperhead, water moccasin, fer-de-lance, and bushmaster, are classified in a separate family. Vipers are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Viperidae.

Any of about 200 species (family Viperidae) of venomous snakes in two subfamilies: Viperinae (Old World vipers of Europe, Asia, and Africa) and Crotalinae (pit vipers). Two long, hollow, venom-injecting fangs attached to the movable bones of the viper's upper jaw can be folded back in the mouth when not in use. Vipers range in length from less than 12 in. (30 cm) to more than 10 ft (3 m). They eat small animals and hunt by striking, then trailing, their prey. Many Old World vipers are terrestrial; a few are arboreal or burrowers. Most bear live young.

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Viper and similar may refer to:

Animals

  • Viper, any member of the family Viperidae, a group of snakes found throughout Africa, Eurasia and the Americas.
  • Viper, Agkistrodon piscivorus, a.k.a. the cottonmouth, a venomous snake found in North America.
  • Viper, Heterodon platirhinos, a harmless colubrid found in North America.
  • Viperfish, any member of the genus Chauliodus, a deepwater fish.

Comics

Computers and computer Science

Aircraft and missiles

Engineering

Film and TV

Games

Music

  • Viper Records, an New York based independent record label (since 2000)
  • The Viper Label, a Liverpool, England based independent record label (since 1999)
  • Viper (band), a Brazilian heavy metal band
  • The Vipers, an Irish Punk/Pop band of the late 1970s
  • Viper, is a colloquial term used in the jazz subculture for a marijuana user
  • The Vipers, 60's Psychdelic/Pop band
  • "Viper" a track from Mike Oldfield's Tres Lunas album

Sports

Other

  • Viper (drink), a heavily caffeinated drink
  • Viper Tactical Gear, a brand of tactical equipment including holsters and pouches.
  • VIPER (Video Identification Parade Electronic Recording), a system of identifying suspects by presenting witnesses with, usually moving, images - used increasingly by police in the United Kingdom as an alternative to traditional identity parades.
  • VIPER, the name used before July 2006 for Vanguard exchange-traded funds
  • VIPER is a type of rebreather
  • Viper, an under-slab vapor barrier product made out of cross-woven polyethylene.

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