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Vienne

Vienne

[vyen]
Vienne, department (1990 pop. 380,900), W central France, in Poitou. Poitiers is the capital.
Vienne, town (1990 pop. 30,386), Isère dept., SE France, on the Rhône River. It is a farm trade center with textile, metallurgical, and footwear industries. The capital of the Allobroges, Vienne (then Vienna) became one of the chief cities of Roman Gaul, one of the first archiepiscopal sees (suppressed in 1790), and the seat of several kings of Burgundy (5th-9th cent.; see under Burgundy). A council held there abolished (1312) the Knights Templars. Rich in Roman remains, Vienne has the temple of Augustus and Livia (c.25 B.C.), which rivals the Maison Carrée of Nǐmes; a 1st-century theater and temple of the goddess Cybele are thought to be the remains of a Greek colony. The Church of St. Pierre (partly 6th cent.), the Church of St. André-le-Bas (12th cent.), and the Church of St. Maurice (12th-16th cent.) are also of interest.
Vienne, river, 230 mi (370 km) long, rising in the Massif Central, central France, and flowing W past Limoges, then N into the Loire near Saumur.
Vienne, Council of, 1311-12, 15th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, held at Vienne, France. It was convened by Pope Clement V at the behest of Philip IV of France as a further move in the plan of the French king to destroy the Knights Templars. The council voted to hear the knights in their own defense but, under pressure from Philip, reversed itself and recommended that the order be suppressed. The pope dissolved the order by papal bull a few days later. The council also passed minor doctrinal decrees and condemned the errors of the Beghards.
Haute-Vienne is a French department named after the Vienne River. It is one of three departments which together, constitute the French region of Limousin.

The chief and largest city of the Haute-Vienne is Limoges. All other towns in the department have less than 20,000 inhabitants.

Geography

The source of the Charente River is in the department, near Rochechouart.

The neighboring departments are: Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne, Indre.

Arrondissements

The three arrondissements of the Haute-Vienne department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Bellac, (subprefecture: Bellac) with eight cantons and 63 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 42,687 in 1990 and 40,120 in 1999, a decrease of 6.01%.
  2. Arrondissement of Limoges, (prefecture of the Haute-Vienne department: Limoges) with 28 cantons and 108 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 274,643 in 1990 and 278,439 in 1999, an increase of 1.38%.
  3. Arrondissement of Rochechouart, (subprefecture: Rochechouart) with six cantons and 30 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 36,263 in 1990 and 35,334 in 1999, a decrease of 2.56%.

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