Hurdy-gurdy played by a French lady of fashion, 18th century
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The vielle is a European bowed stringed instrument used in the Medieval period, similar to a modern violin but with a somewhat longer and deeper body, five (rather than four) gut strings, and a leaf-shaped pegbox with frontal tuning pegs. The instrument was also known as a fidel or a viuola, although the French name for the instrument, vielle, is generally used. It was one of the most popular instruments of the Medieval period, and was used by troubadours and jongleurs from the 13th through the 15th centuries.
Several modern groups of musicians have formed into bands to play early music (pre-Baroque), and they sometimes include vielles, or modern reproductions, in their ensembles, together with other instruments such as rebecs and saz.
"Multinationalitat hat verschiedene Gesichter": Formen internationaler Unternehmenstatigkeit der Societe Anonyme des Mines et Fondries de Zinc de la Vielle Montagne und der Metallgesellschaft vor 1914 ["Multinationality Has Different Faces": Aspects of International Business Transactions of the Anonymous Society of Mines and the Zinc Foundries of Vielle Montagne and the Metal-Trading Company before 1914]
Oct 01, 2003; "Multinationalitat hat verschiedene Gesichter": Formen internationaler Unternehmenstatigkeit der Societe Anonyme des Mines et...