Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of western San Bernardino County, California, US. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2000 census, the city has a total population of 64,029. The May 1, 2008 population estimate released by the state of California for Victorville is 107,721.
Victorville is located at the southern edge of the Mojave Desert, 81 miles northeast of Los Angeles, 34 miles south of Barstow, 48 miles east of Palmdale, and 37 miles north of San Bernardino through the Cajon Pass on Interstate 15. Victorville has the Mojave Desert branch of the San Bernardino county government offices.
It is bordered by Apple Valley on the east, Hesperia on the south, and Adelanto on the west. The Mojave River flows through Victorville. The elevation at City Hall is approximately 2,950 feet above sea level. The summer climate for this area in the Mojave Desert may be hotter than the Los Angeles basin or the Inland Empire, but actually 10 or 15 degrees cooler than in the Colorado Desert.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 189.8 km² (73.3 mi²). 188.5 km² (72.8 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.71% water.
There are 30,000 households out of which 43.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% are married couples living together, 16.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% are non-families. 19.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.03 and the average family size is 3.47.
In the city the population is spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $36,187, and the median income for a family is $39,988. Males have a median income of $40,149 versus $26,138 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,454. 18.7% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.6% of those under the age of 18 and 10.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
For the year ending July 2007, Victorville experienced the second-highest population growth rate in the country, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. That year, the population rose 9.5%, to 107,221.
In 1940, Herman J. Mankiewicz and John Houseman wrote the first two drafts of Citizen Kane in Victorville. Orson Welles sent the two of them to write in seclusion due to Mankiewicz's legendary drinking habits.
On November 19, 1954, Sammy Davis, Jr. almost died in an automobile accident in Victorville on a return trip from Las Vegas to Los Angeles. Davis lost his left eye as a result, and wore a glass eye for the rest of his life.
In 1992, George AFB was deactivated and is now Southern California Logistics Airport. The former base housing is now vacant, forming a ghost town that is used for military training purposes by troops from Fort Irwin Military Reservation.
On November 3, 2007, Victorville hosted the DARPA Urban Challenge, a 6 hour autonomous robot driving contest through the streets of what was formerly George Air Force Base now the Southern California Logistics Airport. The Carnegie Mellon team, known as Tartan Racing, took the US$2 million first prize, while the Stanford Racing Team received a $1 million check for finishing second. Team Victor Tango, made up of faculty and students from Virginia Tech, whose vehicle number was 32 in honor of the 32 students killed in the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, received $500,000 for taking third place. “Robots sometimes stun the world, inspire a lot of people and change the belief of what is possible,” said William “Red” Whittaker, a Carnegie Mellon robotics professor and team leader of the university’s Tartan Racing team. “We’ve seen that here and once the perception of what’s possible changes it never goes back. This is a phenomenal thing for robotics.”
Victorville is also home to the San Bernardino County Fairgrounds.
The City of Victorville contracts with the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department for police services. The new Victorville Regional Station is located on Amargosa Rd. near the California Highway Patrol Station. This station provides full service law enforcement for the City of Victorville(and neighboring Apple Valley, Hesperia and Adelanto). Many residents often confuse this station with the nearby old Victor Valley Station adjacent to the court house. The original Victorville Station provides law enforcement services mainly to the unincorporated areas of the Victor Valley such as Phelan, Lucerne Valley, Spring Valley Lake, and the numerous other county areas.
Victorville's own full-service fire department was contracted to the San Bernardino County Fire Department. This became effective on July 5, 2008 upgrading to a paramedic program in the process, leaving the Apple Valley Fire Protection District as the only municipal fire department left in the entire Victor Valley. Mutual aid is provided from the surrounding County Fire stations in Adelanto and Hesperia as well as from the Apple Valley FPD.