See D. L. Thrapp, Victorio and the Mimbres Apaches (1974).
In 1853 he was considered a chief or sub chief by the U.S. Army and signed a document. In his twenties, he began to ride with Geronimo and other Apache leaders. As was the custom, he became the leader of a band of Chiricahuas (sometimes also called Warm Springs or Mimbres) and Mescaleros and fought against the Army. From 1870 to 1886, Victorio and/or his band were moved to and/or left at least three different reservations, some more than once. His main request was to live on his traditional land. The Ojo Caliente reservation was located in their traditional territory. Victorio and his band were moved to San Carlos Reservation in Arizona Territory in 1877. He and his followers immediately bolted along with other Apache bands. Victorio was fairly successful at raiding and evading capture by the military.
Victorio was credited with leading the "Alma massacre" involving a raid on United States settlers' homes around Alma, New Mexico, in April 1880. During the event several settlers were killed, and Victorio's warriors were fended off by the arrival of U.S. Army soldiers from Fort Bayard.
In October 1880 while moving along the Rio Grande in northern Mexico, Victorio and his band were surrounded and wiped out by soldiers of the Mexican Army at Tres Castillos, in the municipality of Coyame del Sotol in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Only some women and children escaped with their lives and ended up being sent with Geronimo to Florida, Alabama and Oklahoma.
In April 1980, Earth First!, led by activist David Foreman, erected a monument near Alma, New Mexico, in the Gila Wilderness to honor Victorio's April 28, 1860 raid on the Cooney mining camp near Mogollon, New Mexico. There is a monument erected in 2003 in the city of Chihuahua, Chih., at the main Plaza commemorating him since he is considered a Chihuahuan.
Victorio appeared in some episodes of Tex.