The University of Marburg (Philipps-Universität Marburg 'Philip's University, Marburg'), was founded in 1527 by Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (usually called the Magnanimous, although the updated meaning 'haughty' is sometimes given) as the world's first and oldest Protestant university.
It was the main university of the principality of Hesse and remains a public university of that German state. It now has about 20,000 students and 7,500 employees, making Marburg, a town of less than 80,000 inhabitants, the proverbial "university town" (Universitätsstadt). Though most subjects are grouped, the University of Marburg is not a campus university.
Marburg is home to one of Germany's most traditional medical faculties. The German physicians' union is called "Marburger Bund".
In 1609, the University of Marburg established the world's first professorship for chemistry.
Famous natural scientists who studied or taught at the University of Marburg:
Famous philosophers include:
Other famous students:
The University of Marburg has a bright spectrum of subjects with research highlights in nano sciences, material sciences, near eastern studies, and medicine.