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Guimarães

Guimarães is a city and municipality in northwestern Portugal in the province of Minho and in the district of Braga. In the 9th century, Vímara Peres was able to expel the Moors and founded a fortified town under his own name Vimaranis (of Vimar) which later became Guimaranis, present day Guimarães. The city is often referred to as the "birthplace of the Portuguese nationality" and also was the birthplace of Afonso I of Portugal, the first Portuguese king.

The seat of the municipality is Guimarães city, that is made of 16 parishes and, as of 2001, has a population of 52,181 inhabintants. The totality of the municipality has a population of 161,876 inhabitants in 241.3 km².

The present Mayor is António Magalhães Silva, elected by the Socialist Party.

Guimarães is ranked number 2 in the Portuguese most livable cities survey of living conditions published yearly by Expresso.

Parishes

  • Aldão
  • Arosa
  • Atães
  • Azurém (Guimarães)
  • Balazar
  • Barco
  • Brito
  • Caldelas
  • Calvos
  • Castelões
  • Conde
  • Corvite
  • Costa (Guimarães)
  • Creixomil (Guimarães)
  • Donim
  • Fermentões (Guimarães)
  • Figueiredo
  • Gandarela
  • Gémeos
  • Gominhães
  • Gonça
  • Gondar
  • Gondomar

  • Guardizela
  • Infantas
  • Leitões
  • Longos
  • Lordelo
  • Mascotelos (Guimarães)
  • Mesão Frio (Guimarães)
  • Moreira de Cónegos
  • Nespereira
  • Oleiros
  • Oliveira do Castelo (Guimarães)
  • Pencelo
  • Pinheiro
  • Polvoreira (Guimarães)
  • Ponte
  • Rendufe
  • Ronfe
  • Salvador de Briteiros
  • Santa Eufémia de Prazins
  • Santa Leocádia de Briteiros
  • Santa Maria de Airão
  • Santa Maria de Souto
  • Santiago de Candoso (Guimarães)

  • Santo Estêvão de Briteiros
  • Santo Tirso de Prazins
  • São Clemente de Sande
  • São Cristóvão de Selho (Guimarães)
  • São Faustino
  • São João Baptista de Airão
  • São Jorge de Selho
  • São Lourenço de Sande
  • São Lourenço de Selho
  • São Martinho de Candoso (Guimarães)
  • São Martinho de Sande
  • São Paio (Guimarães)
  • São Salvador de Souto
  • São Sebastião (Guimarães)
  • São Tomé de Abação
  • São Torcato
  • Serzedelo
  • Serzedo
  • Silvares (Guimarães)
  • Tabuadelo
  • Urgezes (Guimarães)
  • Vermil
  • Vila Nova de Sande

History

The city was founded upon much older settlements by Count Vímara Peres after his namesake (Vimaranis, later Guimaranis), soon after he established the 1st County of Portugal (in 868). As the first capital of Portugal, Guimarães is known as the place where the country was born - "The Cradle City". In 1095 Count Henry of Burgundy, who had married princess Teresa of León, establishes in Guimarães the 2nd County of Portugal (Condado Portucalense). In July 25 1109 Afonso Henriques, son of Count Henry of Burgundy, is born in this same city. That is were Duke Afonso Henriques proclaimed Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of León, after the Battle of São Mamede, declaring himself to be Afonso I, king of Portugal.

Economy

Guimarães is one of the most industrial municipalities in Portugal. Its primary industries are textiles, shoe industry and metalomechanics.

Culture and Sports

The Historic Centre of Guimarães was declared a World Heritage Site in 2001 by UNESCO, due to its Middle Age historical monuments.

The Campus of Azurém of the Minho University is located in Guimarães.

Vitória SC (also known as Vitória de Guimarães) is the most renowned sports club based in Guimarães. Moreirense FC is another club based in the municipality of Guimarães.

Guimarães was chosen by the Portuguese government to be the European Capital of Culture in 2012, since Portugal and Slovenia have scheduled for 2012 the right of having one city as European Capital of Culture. So Guimarães and Maribor will be ECC in 2012.

References

External links

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