Definitions

veneer

veneer

[vuh-neer]
veneer, thin leaf of wood applied with glue to a panel or frame of solid wood. The art of veneer developed with early civilization. It produces richly grained effects cheaply and is used also on structural parts that must be cut with the grain for strength. The grain pattern varies with the direction of the cut, woods cut across the grain in general displaying more effective patterns, e.g., burr and oyster walnut, bird's-eye maple. Rosewood, satinwood, maple, walnut, and mahogany are frequently employed for veneers. Hand-cut veneers were 1/10 to 1/8 in. thick; the modern machine-cut sheets are rarely thicker than 1/32 in. Veneering executed in inlaid sheets is known as marquetry. Plywood and beams or planks of compounded woods are developed by a veneering process.

Extremely thin sheet of rich-coloured wood (such as mahogany, ebony, or rosewood) or precious materials (such as ivory or tortoiseshell) cut in decorative patterns and applied to the surface of a piece of furniture. Though veneering was practiced in Classical antiquity, its use lapsed in the Middle Ages. It was revived in the 17th century, reaching its apogee in France and spreading from there to other European countries. The considerable craftsmanship involved in artistic veneering is most evident in the 18th and early 19th centuries, when Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, and Thomas Sheraton used mahogany and satinwood veneers. By the mid-19th century mechanical saws allowed the veneering process to be used in mass production to cover defects in cheap furniture.

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A veneer is a thin covering over another surface. More specifically, it may refer to:

  • Wood veneer, a term used in architecture and woodworking
  • Veneer, a single wythe of brick
  • Veneer (dentistry), a thin layer of dental restorative material
  • Veneer masonry, a layer of masonry such as bricks or stone used as building cladding and not imparting any structural strength to the wall
  • Stone veneer, manufactured stones
  • Veneer (album), José González's debut album, A veneer is also a name for wine in french.

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