was a series of human-powered vehicles
created in the Victorian age
. There were designs with two, three and four wheels
. Some two-wheeled designs had pedals mounted on the front wheel, while three- and four-wheeled designs used treadles
to drive the rear wheels. Later two-wheel versions had increasingly large front wheels, directly driven by bicycle pedals
, and a smaller back wheel—these leading to the penny-farthing
. This invention was made by Walter Hunt.
The two-wheeled velocipede sometimes called the boneshaker was invented in the early 1860s in France. The Michaux company was the first to mass-produce the velocipede, from 1867 to 1870. It cost $100 in 1870, making it unaffordable to the working classes.
The dandy horse was a similar vehicle, but without pedals and also sometimes called a velocipede.
- -- Velocipede (reissued as RE7972)